THROUGH THE AGES- THEN AND NOW

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Dana Zwolinski
The Beginning
Education
This decade was full of changes in the education area. The first
elementary school was formed by John Dewey. Looking out for man-kind, some
people encouraged the schooling and educating of Afro-Americans, but the
South, and parts of the North still remained under their policy of racial
segregation. Annual teachers pay was around $325. Mary McLeod Bethune
started the first school for Negro girls. High schools were popular, and
junior high schools were in the near future.

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Home Life
In 1925, a law was passed requiring all pasteurized milk plants to
obtain a license from the Department and to abide by minimum standards.

The average life expectancies of people were fairly low. Men’s life
expectancies were about 53.6 years, while women’s were around 54.6 years.

There were 106,521,537 people living in the United States at this time. Of
them, 2,132,000 were unemployed, and the unemployment rate was at 5.2%.

The illiteracy rate reached a low of 6% of the United States population.


Clothes
In the 1920s, women loved short skirts and dropped waistlines. In
the earlier years of the decade, the skirt fell 7-10″ below the knee. The
skirts and dresses of the time were exceptionally detailed. Even the most
inexpensive chain-store lines were greatly meticulous. Bobbed haircuts
were very popular in the time, and were popularized by Irene Castle, just
after World War I. Silk, cotton, linen, and wool were big fabrics being
used in the clothing industry at this time. Clothes were being cut to
cling tighter on a woman’s body, and the term “flapper” came about in this
era.


Food
The 1920s was a remarkable time for the food industry. Foreign food,
such as Chinese food, was very popular at the time. It was also the time
of the Prohibition, where there was no selling, manufacturing,
transporting, possession, or consumption of alcoholic beverages. Some of
the foods of the time were as follows: Jell-O, oatmeal, Swiss steak, hash,
chiffon pies, Caesar salad, and Cobb, salad.


Job
The 1920s was the end of the Great War. Following this was a time of
spending, cheap cars, and new consumer products. Then in 1929 came the
crash. The stock market crashed, and the Great Depression followed for
many reasons. There was about a 25% unemployment rate in the United States
during the 1920s. The average annual earnings were $1368. Teachers were
being paid about $970.


Dating
“Marriage is one aspect of sexual life in which there was continuity
between generations. Young and unmarried women on the whole by the 1910s
and 1920s preferred to participate in a consumer-oriented, heterosocial (or
mixed-sex) culture situated in the public sphere and saturated with
heterosexuality, but they tended to settle into family life upon marriage,
much as earlier generations had. Unlike their predecessors, however, these
women could flirt and date in the world of cheap amusements, which catered
to sensual pleasures and small pocketbooks. Meanwhile, the female
solidarity of nineteenth- and twentieth-century women’s reform movements,
clubs, and colleges-the late Victorian new woman’s realm of activity-
declined in popularity
(http://www.people.memphis.edu/~kenichls/2602NewWoman1920s.html).”
Health and Longevity
Laws are passed requiring all pasteurized milk plants to acquire a
license from the Department and to abide by minimum standards. In 1922,
Morgan County, Illinois, established the first full-time county health
department.


Summary
Through the years, as time went on, prices rose due to higher costs
of manufacturing. Cars back in the 1920s cost on average, $2550, now, most
cars cost around $20,000. You could buy a loaf of bread in 1924 for $0.10,
but now a loaf costs about $1.89.


Conclusion
I would rather live in the 1970s-1980s because it was a time when
fashion was awesome, prices were still fairly low, life expectancy was
pretty high, and you could get along with just about eeverybody.

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