The Time Machine

Herbert George Wells was born in 1866 in Bromley, Kent, a few miles from
London, the son of a house-maid and gardener. Wells died in 1946, a
wealthy and famous author, having seen science fiction become a
recognized literary form and having seen the world realize some of
science fiction’s fondest dreams and worst fears. Wells mother attempted
to find him a safe occupation as a draper or chemist.


Wells had a quick mind and a good memory that enabled him to pass
subjects by examination and win a scholarship to the Normal School of
Science, where he stayed for three years and, most importantly, was
exposed to biology under the famous Thomas H. Huxley. Wells went into
teaching and writing text books and articles for the magazines that were
of that time. In 1894 he began to write science-fiction stories. -James
Gunn
Wells vision of the future, with its troglodytic Morlocks descended from
the working class of his day and the pretty but helpless Eloi devolved
from the leisure class, may seem antiquated political theory. It emerged
out of the concern for social justice that drew Wells to the Fabian
Society and inspired much of his later writing, but time has not dimmed
the fascination of the situation and the horror of the imagery.

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The Time Machine brought these concerns into his fiction. It, too,
involved the future, but a future imagined with greater realism and in
greater detail than earlier stories of the future. It also introduced,
for the first time in fiction, the notion of a machine for traveling in
time.


In this novel the Time Machine by H. G. Wells, starts with the time
traveler trying to persuade his guest’s the theory of the fourth
dimension and even the invention. He tries to explain the fourth
dimension before he shows them the time machine so they don’t think of
him as a magician. H. G. Wells uses details about the fourth dimension
to teach the reader the theory about it to capture your attention. Also
Wells character the time traveler says “Scientific people”, “Know very
well that time is only a kind of space”. In this quote he is clearly
using persuasion tactics. He tries to attack there consious by saying
that, scientific people know that this is only a kind of space. He says
this in hopes that they will believe what he says just because other
intelligent people believe the theory. This is a very primitive but
still an effective way to try to persuade people. The idea is “because
many people believe it, so it must be true”. The people he is trying to
persuade are of 19th century thinking and well to do people and they are
competitive amongst other well to do people so if other rich and
intelligent people believe this fourth dimension theory so the time
traveler hopes this will motivate them to learn about it.


The Characters in the book Time Machine are The time traveler, Filby,
the psychologist, and the provincial mayor. Later the silent man and the
editor come in to play. Filby is described as “an argumentative person
with red hair”. He has another label that Wells puts on him; he call him
the “young man”. The psychologist also has another label; he is “the
medical man”. The time traveler is described briefly when the group of
intellects head down the corridor to the laboratory. He uses “his queer
broad head in silhouette.” When the arrive at the machine’s location it
is described as “Parts were made of nickel, parts of ivory, parts had
certainly been filed or sawn out of rock crystal”. He probably chose
these characters as witnesses because they hold higher education and
people would believe them from there reputations. The psychologist would
be beneficiary in convincing the other that its not a hoax because he is
aware of human behavior. The provincial mayor is also an intelligent man
and the people elected him so if he is to believe that this works then
many people would follow him. Filby is another character but never talks
about his standing in society it could be his friend because he did wink
at the time traveler or maybe he is not because he disputed the time
traveler’s time machine in his face and behind his back. H. G. Wells
uses two other characters that come to dinner to meet the time traveler.
The main character comes back from the future. The medical doctor and
the provincial mayor are accompanied by the editor or known as the
journalist, and the silent man. The editor uses three names to describe
his guest’s; “Blank, Dash, and Chose.” These names are mentioned but
they are never given a designation so there is no way to figure out
which one is the mayor, psychologist, or the silent man. The editor
shows some disbelief but goes ahead listening to the story and is a
little eager. He may just wanted to get a story to report in the
newspaper that someone has claimed to have gone to the future and back.
They all agree that the time traveler can tell his story without
interruption because he is wary with exhaustion and has no tolerance to
answer questions or be accused as a liar or a quack.


He begins his story by telling that he has “lived eight days…such days
as no human has ever lived before!”. Next he is in his laboratory
working on his time machine trying to complete it before Friday. He
completes it that morning. He is delayed to the ivory rod that was an
inch to long so he had to get it remade. The time traveler begins his
journey to the future. At first he didn’t know if anything was happening
yet for this machine was untested. “For a moment I suspected that my
intellect had tricked me.” “Then I noted the clock. A moment before, as
it seemed, it had stood at a minute or so past ten; now it was nearly
half-past three!”. This part in the novel is his most detailed
explanation to capture the readers imagination and to fully support the
illusion of time travel. He tells of many details such as his maid Mrs.
Watched came in the laboratory and moved like a rocket around it. He
explains the time traveling experience as a since of falling and the
speed is so great that it feels like any minute you will smash into
another object. All these details suggest that its not a comfortable
ride especially when he said “I remarked indeed a clumsy swaying of the
machine, for which I was unable to account.” There is evidence that the
laboratory and the time traveler’s house was torn down when he saw the
brief picture of scaffolding. A snail went across the room at a speed
that his eyes could not keep up with. After his house was gone he was in
the open air and saw huge buildings erect themselves all around him.
Wells was right in his assumption about these buildings because
skyscrapers do exist in our time. He saw all the vegetation grow and
die. The moon ran its cycles and the sun shot across the sky so fast
that it was hurting the time traveler’s eyes. The time traveler witness
the season’s changing from snow to spring in a continuos cycle. He
thought of stopping but he was afraid of jamming his molecules and the
object’s molecules that occupied that space at that particular time.
Here he goes back to science and with some added element of chemistry.
The main character explains that if his time machine occupied the same
space at the same time as another object then the molecules would fuse
together causing a chemical reaction and the ending result would be an
explosion. Even with this threat he takes the risk out of curiosity
building some suspense in the book. He stops and is flung from his
machine and is met by a thunderstorm. This is realistic in this book
because in the UK it rains a lot so there is a good chance that he would
encounter rain. After the Thunder storm is gone he hears voices in the
bushes. A person emerges from the brush and is described as “a slight
creature-perhaps four feet high-clad in a purple tunic, girdled at the
waist with a leather belt. Sandals or buskins-I could not clearly
distinguish which-were on his feet; his legs were bare to the knees, and
his head was bare.” He was under the impression that there will frail
creature and not very intelligent and he was correct. His assumption of
intelligence was proven when one of the human looking creatures asked
him is he had come from the sun riding on a thunderstorm. Also when he
gave them a threatening motion towards them when they got around the
machine they retreated immediately. His assumption of frailty was proven
after this fact. He noticed that a lot of them looked a like which he
thought was odd. They probably looked like this because they have been
bred and raised like cattle for many years so they are all probably
sharing a lot of the same genes. The thing Wells did not know is that
you can not do that to mammals especially humans; breeding so closely
using the same genes it causes mammals to become sterile and extinct. He
only had 19th century knowledge so he was probably not aware of this or
he didn’t care because most people were probably not aware of the study
of genetics. They didn’t show much interest in learning they would run
around and play with toys and lose interest in a never ending cycle like
a child. He didn’t know there language but it was obviously derived from
the English because one of the Eli’s asked him if he had come from the
sun and he understood but some of the other things that the Eli were
saying didn’t make sense to the time traveler. He saw the white sphinx
and describe it as having a silver tree at its shoulder and the sphinx
was made of marble and the wings of it were spread out. A pedestal that
the time traveler described was mad of bronze and “was thick with
verdigris.” The building that the Eloi resided at had according to the
time traveler had huge doors “and was all together colossal dimensions”.
The entrance had carvings of Phoenicians. After seeing a sphinx and
Phoenician carvings and how primitive the people were he had doubts that
he was in the future. This proved by when the time traveler is
remembering the date on his dials that read 802, 701 A.D. He noticed the
Eli diet as been composed of mainly fruit and vegetables. He noticed
there was no signs of economic or cultural struggle in the surroundings
so the time traveler has some knowledge of archeology and maybe a bit of
a historian, he even said that he would like to witness the accepted
account of the battle of Hastings. Also when the time traveler looks at
the countryside he says to himself “Communism, I said to myself”. This
shows that H. G. Wells know of Marxism Communism but it does not show if
he is a supporter or against it. At first he thought this society was
man’s triumph that they live in peace but he learns later that the Eloi
are being bred fattened up and eaten by the ant like people the
Morlocks.


Later the main character returned to check on his time machine and to
his surprise it was gone. He began to panic, even when he fell down and
hit his face which produced a trickling of blood didn’t even pause. At
this point the time traveler is over stressed and bent on getting his
time machine back. He no longer cares to learn about the Eloi; his
priority has changed. H. G. Wells uses realistic thought process of
people when they are faced with problems. The time traveler is pacing
and his conscious is talking to itself trying to calm down and come up
with solutions and answers.


After this event he sees Weena an adult Eloi girl swimming in a stream.
She gets a cramp and begins to drown and the other Eloi didn’t even make
an effort to save her. The time traveler saves her life and they become
very close. The sleep outside and she shows an uncomfortable behavior as
well as the other Eloi about the dark. The Eloi wouldn’t sleep alone or
go out at dark.


The time traveler resorts back to more theories about the hotter climate
of the region. He thinks that the planets are closer to the sun now or
that a planet has smashed into the sun and given it renewed energy. He
was hiding from the heat in a building when he found a gallery of
history. It contained fossils, machines, weapons, chemicals, and idles
from every culture Greek, Phoenician and even English ones.


He found the tunnels that looked like half pillars kind of like ant
wholes. The time traveler saw one of the Morlocks and described it as
having “a dull white, and had strange large greyish-red eyes; also that
there was flaxen hair on its head and down its back”. He later described
them as “mechanical servants for the Eli” and he hated them and wanted
to murder them even though they were the descendants of the human race.
They were carnivorous and preyed upon the Eloi. He goes back to the
gallery and Weena accompanies him everywhere he goes. He finds some
matches and he breaks a lever off an ancient machine serving as a mace
to smash the Morlocks soft bodies. He found some camphor which is like a
candle wax. He left the gallery at night fall and started fires on
purpose to blind the creatures but he had difficulties starting
vegetation on fire. The Morlocks were extremely sensitive to the light.
The attacked him and he beat them with his mace. They were very weak
individually but strong in numbers. The fires calm down and became dark
again then they grabbed him and were biting at his neck. He jumped up
and did some real strenuous fighting that occurs when people are in the
middle of combat and they experience a rush of anger. The fires started
back up and the Morlocks swayed to and fro in agony. They were making
moaning sounds to each other. He chose not to kill any of them while
they were at his mercy. He sleeps awhile and in the morning he heads
down to the white sphinx. To his surprise he sees that the doors are
open and the time machine is visible. Obviously it is a trap for the
time traveler. He proceeds in the doors even though he suspects a trap.
As soon as he gets on the time machine the doors closed. The Morlocks
laugh out loud thinking that he is trapped. The time traveler makes an
attempt to lite the match but it only lites on the match box. He defeats
one of the Morlocks and gets on his time machine and pushes the lever
forward in a panic. Then he goes hurling forward in time. He is on the
time machine in an awkward position. He stops and when he does he is on
a beach and two large crustaceans try to eat him so he accelerates into
the future 30 million years or more and the sun grows bigger and more
dull. Then the world becomes dark and the air is difficult to breathe.
When he thought life was extinct he sees a life form swimming in the
water “the size of a football”. He then returns to his laboratory but in
a different location because of the Morlocks tampering with its location
in the future.


The editor and the medical doctor don’t believe his fantastic story even
for an instant. The medical doctor can’t recognize the species of flower
that the time traveler had in his pockets but that didn’t change his
mind at one bit. The narrator even said that “The serious people who
took him seriously never felt quite sure of his deportment; they were
somehow aware that trusting their reputations for judgment with him was
like furnishing a nursery with egg-shell china. The editor called his
story a “gaudy story”. The narrator comes back to find the time traveler
and sees him carrying a camera to his laboratory. He heads to the
laboratory as a result of clinking and thud sounds. He enters the lab
and witnesses just a flash of the time machine and the time traveler.
Then with a whirl of wind and dust the time traveler disappeared.


I enjoyed this book but I can’t believe how the time traveler acted
being a logical and scientific man. Like when he went the future he
encountered a new kind of people and they led him to a building where
they reside. He just left his time machine behind; he could have had
those people help him take it back to where they were staying. Also he
should have put some wheels on it so it could be transported easier and
also a floatation device encase he ended up in water. Also he should of
had Weena stay with the others, Im sure she was hampering his attempts
in combat with the Morlocks. Also instead of causing terrible useless
damage to the environment he should have laid siege to the pillars that
the Morlocks used to exit out of. He should have set heavy objects on
top of them and started fires around them at night time. They would die
of lack of oxygen or hunger and the hunger would force them out of the
holes into the fire or they would eat each other. This would result in
diminishing there numbers and making them to weak to resist a
confrontation.


This book had a lot of science elements to it such as the climate
change, fourth dimension, chemical reaction, and some of Darwin’s
theories. There are some things that are not true about this story that
I want to point out. When the time traveler goes 30 million years in the
future from his beach location he describe after the Morlock scene. He
would not end up on the beach because of continental drifting when the
earth rotates. The continents move an inch a year that 30 million
inches! He would be in the ocean and sinking fast so if he did but the
lever back the ocean would change the space he was occupying and he
would be stuck in the ground when came back probably resulting in an
explosion. Also when the earth became darker only after 30 million
years. The sun has approximately 5.5 billion years left before it goes
super nova. Then it will become a red giant and be extremely big as
wells described in the book. So Wells was not informed of all the facts
but still, this book was interesting and entertaining.

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