.. le at the end of the American Revolution. However, the consequent peace was to create even more devastation then the war had done. Land was taken indiscriminately from former allies such as the Onedas and Tuscaroras, as well as from the tribes that had supported the British. It is interesting that the ideas of the Iroquois confederacy serve as examples both far the democratic societies as well as for the communist both of the world’s major ideology seem to attempting to recapture, through theories and various institution, the spirit of the Iroquois confederacy. America tries to gain liberty through political institutions, while the communist countries are trying to accomplish their goal through state planning and national control of the forces of production as well as the land and resources.
Thus, the values of the Iroquois Confederacy lived on today, and these same concepts have appalled reflection in American institutions also. The United States constitution would subvert the Articles of Confederation in order to give the state more power, but the Bill of Rights that Jefferson and others insisted upon represent the survival of political freedom and unity through discussion and consensus. Moreover, the legacy of Hiawatha and Degonawidah survives among the Iroquois and in the heritage of the American people. The Iroquois federation can be compared to the federalist position because they’re very similar with the exception of the one thing. The Iroquois were divided into five nations: the Mohawk, Seneca, Onondaga, Oneida, and the Cayuga.
Each nation had its own ruling council. The Mohawks Lords were the heads and the leaders of the five nation’s Confederacy. The Mohawk Lords were also the substratum of the Great Peace. In terms of their checks and balances system, the Iroquois people designed a system where no one in their government will hold too much power. The Mohawk Council was divided into three parties to ensure that each of their powers were not abused or taken advantage of by any of the members.
The first party was Ayonhwhatah and Shadekaeiwade, the second party was Sharenhowaneh and Deyoenhegwenh and the third party consist of Dehennakrineh, Aghstawenserethah and Shoskoharowaneh. The responsibility of the third party was to listen to the decisions of the first and second party. If for some reasons there are errors within the decision the case will then be taken to the Seneca Lord. Each Iroquois nation ran its internal affairs with a council of elected delegates. They also sent their delegates to a grand council, and they ran affairs among nations. This was a pure federalist system.
Unlike the Federalist, the Iroquois had one legislative system. Being the scholarly people the Iroquois were, enabled them to handle their issues in a unique manner. A case of utmost importance prompted the gathering of the associate assembly underneath the Tree of Long Leaves. Women played a very important part in the Iroquois life. When a man of Iroquois descent married a woman, he would move in with his wife and her family.
Women owned all the property in the long house, and they were in charge of planting and harvesting. Even though these women had their household chores to perform, they were held in high regards by the men. Iroquois women had political power; they were responsible for choosing the men that served on the council. Iroquois women had a lot of liberty. The power the Iroquois women held enabled them to impeach. Only a woman was able to replace an impeached leader. Basically, the formation of the United States was influenced by Iroquois political and philosophical traditions.
The ideas of freedom and equality stimulated and then transformed and transplanted. Europeans, who came to American soil, were receptive to such concepts because they had in one way or another repudiated to a degree, the values of the mother country. Military Iroquois made a contribution to the formation of the Untied States. Although divided on the issue of American independence, their strategies about frontier fighting shaped the mind of the youthful, as well as the mature, George Washington. Even after the revolution the Iroquois continued to play a key role in forming of the political institution of America as well as the world.
The ideals of the Iroquois Confederacy serve as cornerstone for democratic societies and as an inspiration to the peoples of the world. In a very real sense, the legacy of the Revolution was (and is) a negative one for the Iroquois. Deprived of their land divided on distant reservations in Canada and the United States, the Iroquois had little to rejoice about in the founding of the United States. The tribal autonomy and the following of the old ways were to be frowned upon by a new government. if there was a promise of freedom for the Indians during the American revolution, n it was quickly discarded for quick land acquisitions on order to serve the interests of the restless white frontiersmen.
Working the legal structures of the United States as well as through demonstrative activities, the Iroquois nations are trying to regain some of their land and protest their rights. They are people with tremendous sense of endurance and inner strength. Their persistence as a viable and cohesive culture is a monument to human values that have meaning in spite of persecution and defeat, by a military strong culture. The league of the Iroquois lives on a testimony to freedom, for all that care to examine it. Its spirit endures as a vision and a good for betterment of mankind. References Lathom, Earl: The Declaration of Independence and the constitution.
Revised Edition- Copyright 1956 www.law.ou.edu/hist/iroquois.html Guide Jr., Donald A: The Iroquois and the founding of the American Nation. Copyright 1977 Morgan, Henry Lewis: League of the Iroquois The American Journey Bibliography Bibliography Lathom, Earl: The Declaration of Independence and the constitution. Revised Edition- Copyright 1956 www.law.ou.edu/hist/iroquois.html Guide Jr., Donald A: The Iroquois and the founding of the American Nation. Copyright 1977 Morgan, Henry Lewis: League of the Iroquois The American Journey History Reports.