The Harmful Effects Of Smoking The Harmful Effects of Smoking Name: Adam Newell Teacher: Dr. Delos Santos Section: 57 Date December 8, 1999 Research Paper Words: 1901 Every year thousands of people die because of lung cancer or other tobacco related illnesses. Everyone in the world comes in contact with smoke from a cigarette at least once in their lifetime, whether it is at a restaurant or at work. Millions of people are addicted to smoking, and thousands more become addicted every year. Cigarettes and other tobacco products are everywhere.
Most of the addicted smokers started when they were young (Roberts 18). The reason why people get addicted to any type of tobacco product is because all tobacco products have nicotine in them, which is the addictive ingredient (American Thoracic Society 22). Every time a person smokes a cigarette or chews tobacco, that person ingests nicotine. I believe that the tobacco companies should be liable for every tobacco-related death each year. On the other hand, some people believe that everyone has a right to make their own judgment about their life.
My opponent, Rosalind Marimont argues drugs and alcohol are more dangerous to society than tobacco (26). Second hand smoking is not a danger to the health of the community (Marimont 26). There are health benefits for people that do smoke tobacco (Marimont 27). So many people quit smoking each year, it is so ridiculous to think that tobacco products are addicting argues Richard DeGrandpre (39). The facts about tobacco and tobacco products have been shaded by the government and government agencies to make smoking less acceptable and more inconvenient to smokers and tobacco users Sullum argues (55).
My opponents firmly believe that there are no risks if a person starts smoking. As you will see, I will show extenuating facts that disprove my opponents views on tobacco products. My opponent states that smoking is not dangerous, however, I intend to prove that smoking is dangerous not just to smokers, but to everyone as well. It is a proven fact that smoking causes lung cancer and heart disease (American Thoracic Society 19). Every person that breathes the smoke of tobacco products is at risk for tobacco-related illnesses. Even though smoking is not as publicized by the media as much as illegal drugs, cigarettes are just as bad.
Smoking cigarettes leads to the use of other drugs that are more harmful to the person than cigarettes (Hall 22). If smoking was not dangerous, then why is there a commercial on television telling the viewer that the tobacco companies kill 1000 people everyday? The statistics on the number of people that die each year in the United States from tobacco or tobacco-related illness is astonishing. Over four hundred thousand people die each year from smoking (American Thoracic Society 19). Also, a person age twenty-five that is a heavy smoker has a life expectancy that is twenty-five percent less than a person that does not smoke (American Thoracic Society 19). more For something that is not a hazard to peoples health, they sure do account for a lot of deaths that occur each year. I do not see how my opponent can contend that secondhand smoke is not a heath hazard to the rest of the community.
Secondhand smoke affects everyone because it goes into the air. We (nonsmokers) can not protect ourselves from other peoples cigarette smoke (Garrision 44). Everyone breaths, therefore, if you are sitting next to someone that smokes, you are probably getting a some smoke in your lungs. This happens because when smoke goes into the air, it disappears into the oxygen. As you breath in oxygen, you also breath in a minimal amount of the cigarette smoke.
In 1986, a surgeon generals report was released that stated smoke from tobacco products can cause cancer in healthy non-smoking adults (Garrision 45). It has been proven that secondhand smoke can cause lung cancer and other tobacco-related illnesses in people that do not smoke (Garrision 45). Yet the tobacco companies continue to deny that the smoke of cigarettes cause these illnesses to non-users of tobacco (Garrision 47). The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has estimated that secondhand smoke is the cause of over three thousand deaths from lung cancer each year (Garrison 44). Smoking has also been linked to colon cancer.
Even if you quit smoking, your risk of colon cancer remains higher than if you had never started smoking (Keyishian 13). Many people are aware of the harmful effects of secondhand smoke and agree with restrictions and/or a total ban on smoking in public (Garrision 48). Tobacco products should be regulated by the Food and Drug Administration because it affects not only smokers, but non-smokers as well. As you can see, smoke from tobacco products does affect everyone in one way or another. I agree with my opponent that smokers are usually less obese (Marimont 27). However, just because there are a couple of health benefits that not mean that smoking is better for everyone.
People who smoke are not able to perform exercises for any length of time (Hall 22). Smoking reduces the amount of air the lungs can take in and it makes breathing difficult when running or walking ( Keyishian 15). In the early nineties, one in every five deaths were caused by smoking or using tobacco products (American Thoracic Society 19). Hundreds of thousands of people die each year because of tobacco products, whether the person dies from lung cancer, throat cancer, or emphysema (Hall 22). Pregnant women that smoke during their pregnancy will have a child that is born with a low birthweight and premature mortality (American Thoracic Society23). Smoking with a small child in the house could cause the child to develop asthma or other respiratory problems (America Thoracic Society 23). If a woman smokes while pregnant, she could have a child that has a lower intelligence and behavior problems (America Thoracic Society 22). Just like cocaine and heroin, cigarettes can cause a user to have withdrawal symptoms after a period of not getting the nicotine he/she needs (American Thoracic Society 23).
If the smoker does not get their nicotine fix, he/she could become irritable, have anxiety, difficulty concentrating and their appetite may increase (American Thoracic Society 23). The smoker may believe that if he/she does not get their nicotine and gets hungry, he/she may see themselves gaining weight. If gaining a little weight will help you live longer and with fewer health conditions, then I believe the weight it worth it. The …