The Crusades

The Crusades In the beginning of the thirteenth century most people were Roman Catholic. The church was the center of life and it was very important to them to pilgrimage to the Holy Lands. By 1212 Christians were not allowed into the Holy Lands. The Moslems controlled those lands and would not let them in. The crusades were a series of wars, that were fought in order to attain control over the Holy Lands. Some of the crusades were successful and some of them were not successful.

The first crusade was led by Pope Urban then second in 1096. It took the over two years to reach the Holy Lands. They had started with over six-hundred thousand men and by the time they reached the Holy Lands they were down to a mere twenty-five thousand men. This was a successful crusade, and they gained control over the Holy Lands for fifty years. The Second Crusade took place in 1145 and was led by Louis the Seventh of France .

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However, this crusade ended up being unsuccessful because everything just fell apart for them. The Third Crusade had many important leaders that started out. King Richard, the lionhearted, Phil Augustas, and Fredrick Barbossa all helped lead it. However, only King Richard reached the Holy Lands. The other two unfortunately drowned.

King Richard managed to get a treaty with the Moslems to have a safe passage through the Holy Lands. The Children’s crusade took place in 1212, when a twelve year old boy had a vision that Jesus called him to have a crusade. Thirty-thousand children went, only a few adults went with them. Many of the children died. When they got to Italy the ships captains sold them into slavery. The crusades were very important for many reasons.

It brought forth new ideas, words, and products. Commerce then came from the new products, and money and coins developed from commerce. There was decline of feudalism and they gained new knowledge about medicine. There was also a growth of towns and of the middle class. History Essays.

The Crusades

The Crusades The Crusades were just a war waged over power, fear, and interest. The purpose of the Crusades was to recapture the Christian Holy Land from the Muslims, Arabs, and even the Turks. The Crusades were stirred up and sponsored by the papacy. It is the will of G-d, claimed Pope Urban II. His statement was not the only reason as to why the majority of the Christian population decided to engage in war against the nonbelievers. Pope Urban IIs statement seems more like an excuse to make the war seem just and rightful in the name of G-d.

The Crusades were expeditions undertaken in fulfillment of a solemn vow, to deliver the Holy Land from Muhammedan tyranny. By the late 11th century, the leaders of the Byzantine Empire the West for help, particularly to Pope Gregory VII. After hearing this, he planned to make an expedition to the east in support of the Byzantine Emperor, but was preoccupied by investiture controversy with the Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV. Finally, Pope Urban II gave his sanction to those nobles who were inclined to respond. In Clermont, he gave a speech, which caught the attention of the west. In his speech, he included all the motivations needed for the people to participate in the Crusades, and most of these reasons were not because it was Gods will, but promises of secular things such as more land, wealth, and power.

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It is the will of God, is what Pope Urban II said himself, but he definitely had other things in mind. Since the Greek Church of Byzantium and the Roman Church of the West were split by a theological disagreement, Urban believed that the Crusades would lead to a strong Roman influence in Greek territories, and would eventually lead to the reunion of both churches. Urban also hoped that if he called for an expedition to the East, carried out under papal leadership and his noblemen supporters, this would boost his position in the ongoing Investiture Controversy with the Holy Roman Empire. Pope Urban II was not the only person in mind; thinking that this so called holy war would bring him power and leadership. Many knights thought that they could achieve more power when fighting for the Holy Land, while conquering more land. In this way, the knights would become more superior because land meant power.

Everybody, especially during the Crusades, had a specific goal that they wanted to achieve, which opened up many doors and opportunities for the people. It was not purely a fight for God, and many problems coexisted within the minds of the individual Crusaders and their interests. For the curious and adventurous people, this was an opportunity for foreign travel and excitement. However, many people died, and often their estates that they left back were passed on to the Middle Class creditors. The kings benefited from the Crusades, because in order for them to build a strong state, this gave them the chance to get rid of the troublesome knights.

The main, original purpose of the Crusades was to recapture Jerusalem, the Holy Land from the Christian enemies, but the result of the Crusades, became everything but the original purpose. After the Crusades, traffic between the East and the West was re-established. A money currency developed for trade, and larger cities were established. The Crusades were the origin of geographical explorations made by Marco Polo, who brought the culture of Asia and China to Europe. At a still later date, it was the same spirit of the many Crusaders that spirited great explorers such as Christopher Columbus, when he took his dangerous voyage to the unknown world.

The Christian civilization of Europe became an international culture that had set the highest peak of explorations, in no small measure to the Crusades. The Crusades wasnt in fact at all just because even though they said that they would fight in the name of the Lord, that didnt give them the right to set out and kill thousands of people, including the non-combatants. The Crusades is just called the Holy War because the Papal Church incurred it. It was just like any other war that had occurred along the course of history, because of secular and worldly reasons. American History Essays.

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