Othello And Desdemona

.. riated than he already is. Here Iago speaks with Cassio of Bianca, Cassios mistress: “Now will I question Cassio of Bianca, a housewife that by selling her desires Buys herself bread and clothes. It is a creature that dotes on Cassio; as tis the strumpets plague To beguile many and be beguiled by one. He when he hears of her, cannot refrain From excess laughter.

Here he comes. As he smile, Othello shall go mad; And his unbookish jealousy must construe Poor Cassios smiles, gestures and light behaviours Quite in the wrong.” (Act 4, Scene 1, Line 91-101). Iago explains his plan in his soliloquy, which is to have Othello listen in on his conversation with Cassio in hopes that what Othello believes he hears and sees, will further destroy Othellos and Desdemonas relationship. Othello believes Iago is talking to Cassio about Desdemona and take everything the wrong way. He is horrified of how Cassio is behaving whilst talking with Iago.

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Othello is determined to kill Desdemona after what has witnessed. “Get me some poison, Iago, this night. Ill not expostulate with her, lest her body and beauty unprovide my mind again this night, Iago.” (Act 4, Scene 1, Line 92-94). Othello has changed as a result of Iagos wicked ways. He has changed to such an extent that he can no longer live with this woman of unmoral behaviours and pledges to assassinate her. Iagos role in changing Othellos observations of Desdemona can be seen even more clearly when Othello strikes Desdemona.

Lodovico, an outsider, sees a distinct change in Othello and comments to Iago on this who agrees wholeheartedly. “Is this the noble Moor whom our full senate Call all-in-all sufficient? Is this the nature Whom passion could not shake? Whose solid virtue The shot of accident nor dart of chance Could neither graze nor pierce? He is much changed.” (Act 4, Scene 1, Line 254-259). This quote shows Lodovicos shock towards the change in Othello especially towards Desdemona whom Othello once loved so dearly. Desdemona being the submissive person that she is does nothing to defend herself. She takes everything Othello throws her way.

Desdemona loves Othello even after the way he has mistreated her. Her love for him will not change. “Let nobody blame him; his scorn I approve ” (Act 4, Scene 3. Line 49). This line comes from a song Desdemona sings but it represents Desdemonas feelings towards Othello perfectly.

She wont blame him for the way he treats her. Even on her death bed Desdemona does not blame Othello for anything. In answer to Emilias question as to who killed her, Desdemona replies, “Nobody; I myself. Farewell. Commend me to my kind lord.

O farewell.” (Act 5, Scene 2, Line 125-126). Othellos view of Desdemona may have changed due to the presence of an evil force, that being Iago, but Desdemona still loves her husband and claims she was true to him. Othellos view of Desdemona, due to Iagos meddling interference has changed drastically into a perception, which is extremely far from the truth. Othello now believes Desdemona is a strumpet, in other words, a prostitute, a whore. He also believes Emilia is one too and that Emilia is protecting Desdemona and so he speaks to both as though they were that type of women.

“Was this fair paper, this most goodly book, Made to write whore upon? What committed! Committed? O thou public commoner! I should make very forges of my cheeks That would to cinders burn up modesty Did I but speak thy deeds. What committed! Heavens stop the nose at it, and the moon winks; The bawdy wind, that kisses all it meets, Is hushed within the hollow mine of earth And will not hear it. What committed? Imprudent strumpet!” (Act 4, Scene 2, Line 70-79). Here Othello calls Desdemona a whore to her face. He continually reinforces his belief that Desdemona is unfaithful. His words are spoken in an aggressive harsh tone, which shows how angry he is, and how much he has changed because of Iagos evil-minded ways.

Later that night, Othello questions Desdemona again of her adultery and Desdemona fears for her life. “And yet I fear you, for youre fatal then When your eyes roll so. Why I should not fear I know not. Since guiltiness I know not, but yet I feel fear.” (Act 5, Scene 2, Line 37-39). Desdemona reveals her fear of Othello and informs that she is guilty of nothing.

Othello does not believe her and kills her. This is what has become of Othello. His mind has been clouded by bad judgement due to Iagos corrupt plans. Othellos mind was contaminated by Iago whose aim was to destroy Othello along with Cassio. Othellos perception of Desdemona changed numerous times throughout. In the beginning Othello loved Desdemona with all his heart and would not let anyone take his love from him, including Brabantio, Desdemonas father.

“She wished she had not heard it, yet she wished That heaven had made her such a man. She thanked me, And bade me, if I had a friend that loved her, I should but teach him how to tell my story, And that would woo her. Upon this hint I spake; she loved me for the dangers I had passed, And I loved her that she did pity them. ” (Act 1, Scene 3, Line 161-167). This speech made by Othello, distinctly shows how he came to love Desdemona and she love him. Othellos perception of Desdemona starts to change with Iagos interference.

Iago warns him to not be jealous. “O beware, my lord, of jealousy: it is the green-eyed monster which doth mock The meat it feeds on.” (Act 3, Scene3, Line 167-169). Iago cunning advises Othello not to become jealous but at the same time he is telling Othello lies to suggest Desdemonas infidelity thus manipulating Othello. Othello begins to believe in Iago and does not trust himself to believe that Desdemona is in fact pure and virtuous. Othellos attitude and behaviours become worse as Iago feed him more and more lies.

He becomes distrusting of Desdemona and treats her poorly. Iago gradually pushes Othello to the point of no return. He has basically total control of Othello and Iago slyly prods Othello towards murdering Desdemona. “Ay, let her rot and perish, and be damned tonight, for she shall not live. No, my heart is turned to stone: I strike it and it hurts my hand.

O, the world hath not a sweeter creature! She might lie by an emperors side and command his tasks.” (Act 4, Scene 1, Line 172-175). Here Othello explains what he must do with Iago encouraging him on. He has changed from a man who is in control, who is intelligent in making decisions into someone who is violent, harsh and irrational. Iago has Othello right where he wants him. Othello believes everything Iago has told him and thinks Iago is a great man for helping him.

Othello continues to believe that Desdemona is a whore right up until after Desdemonas death. After Desdemonas death, Othellos perceptions of Desdemona changes once more when it is revealed that it was Iago who placed such destructive thoughts into his mind. Iago was the mastermind behind all the conflicts. Othello realises Desdemonas innocence. He cannot forgive himself for what he has done and so destroys his own life. “I kissed thee ere I killed thee: no way but this, Killing myself, to die upon a kiss.” (Act 5, Scene2, Line 354-355). Othello speaks his last words, as he dies.

His death a sign of how much he was easily manipulated and deceived by a man whom he entrusted his life too. Iago is, indeed, the catalyst of Othellos changing perceptions, observations and views of his wife Desdemona. He was the cause of the deaths of many innocent men and women including Roderigo, Desdemona, Emilia and Othello. Through deception and concealment of who and what kind of person he was, Iago manage to destroy Othello by changing his perceptions of Desdemona. Early on through Iagos own words “I am not what I am” (Act1, Scene1, Line66) it can be seen how Iago really is and how cunning he can be in deceiving people to get what he wants. Hence, his role in destroying Othello and Desdemona is quite a large role.

If it hadnt been for Iago Othello would not have begun to become suspicious of Desdemona and their relationship would be as loving as ever before. Also people would not have died as a result.


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