niansKosovo: Conflicts Between Serbians and Ethnic Albanians
A. Thesis- The conflict between the Serbs and Albanians shows us the
amount of intolerance with religious, political, and racial conflicts
throughout the history of the relationship between the Serbs and
II. History of Kosovo
1. 1913 Albanian rebellion against Serbian officials.
2. The cause was the rape of an Albanian women.
B. Kosovos extra problems
III. Religious conflicts
A. Albania religion
1. Islamic belief
2. The Koran criticised Jews and Christians
B. Serb religion
1. Serbian Orthodox
2. A division in the Christian belief.
IV. Political Conflict
1. Milosevics wife a well-known communist.
2. Democracy had their fights with communism during the Cold War.
V. Racial Conflict
1. Ethnic Albanians conflicts with Serbian officials.
2. Milosevics determination on getting rid of Ethnic Albanians out of
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The conflict in Kosovo right not reflects to us the intolerance of race and
religion demonstrated by the Serbs toward the ethnic Albanians. The situation
right now is the evacuation of all ethnic Albanians out of Kosovo. This situation
began on February 1990 after fighting broke out between ethnic Albanians,
police, and the Slavic minority (Satyendra, paragraph 2). Many other situations
that have occurred in the past have contributed to the conflict that is happening
now. The conflict between the Serbs and Albanians shows us the amount of
intolerance with religious, political, and racial conflicts throughout the history of
the relationship between the Serbs and Albanians.
The history of Kosovo have been very turbulent and conflicts rose up at
every incident that occurred. Some 600 years ago, the Serbs confronted the
Turkish invader on June 15, 1389 at their homeland that resulted in Battle of
Kosovo. The Serb was led by Prince Lazar and they fought brilliantly to the end.
Though he was wounded and was captured and beheaded by the Turks
(Satyendra, paragraph 1, Kosovo deeply embedded in psyche of the Serb
people). One of the early conflicts that occurred in 1913 with small bands of
Albanian rebels, known as kacaks were protesting against a Serbian officer in
September. He had tried to rape a Albanian women but a womens husband shot
the Serbian official dead in the village of Fshaj. The result was Serbian officials
destroying that village with two others and killing 35 Albanians (Malcolm,
257). During the end of the war in Kosovo in October 1912, Edith Durham, a
news reporter that was in Montenegro at the time asked a wounded soldier why
she cant go up to one of their posts in Albania. The soldier would reply We
have not left a nose on an Albanian up there! She would later find out when she
had a chance of visiting a northern Albanian outpost, where she saw Ottoman
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soldiers noses and lips cut off. A Danish reporter managed to get some news
out of Kosovo where it is reported that 5,000 Albanians had been killed in
Prishtina. The reporter would later wrote the Serbian campaign had taken on the
character of a horrific massacring of the Albanian population (Malcolm, 254).
During the reimposition of Serbian rule, the Serbian soldiers entered Kosovo in
October 1918 planning on revenge for the hostile attitude of the Albanians at the
time of Serbias withdrawal from Kosovo in 1915. Albanians resisted against
Serbs onslaught. Even though Montenegrins helped the Albanians, 200 were
killed at the beginning and would later escalate. Serbian troops killed 6,040
people and destroyed 3,873 houses (Malcolm, 273). Serbs have tried to
counteract their images as the good guys and the Albanians as the bad guys by
using Serbian media by accusing Albanian men raping Serbian women. A
Serbian Orthodox name Atanasije Jevtic wrote in his book that Albanians rape
anything they can get their hands on. This was definitely a false statement which
was proved by human rights experts (Malcolm, 339).
On September 30, 1991, Kosovars voted in a referendum, which would
make Kosovo a independent state. A conflict would arose that Albanian
politicians could no longer ignore the fate of the Kosovars. Fearing a massive
influx of Kosovars refugees, the Tirana government issued statements criticising
policy of Kosovos Serbian leadership (Vickers and Pettifer, 150). Another
Kosovo problem occurred in 1690 when Serbians planned a insurrection against
the occupying forces of the Turkish-Ottoman Empire which failed. A good part of
the Serbian population left Kosovo to escape