John Monash

Born in Melbourne on 27th June, 1865, to parents of Prussian-Jewish
origin, Sir John Monash was educated at Scotch College and the University
of Melbourne, where he studied law, arts and engineering. Until 1914 Monash
set himself the task of learning the expertiseofartilleryand
engineering. On the outbreak of war in 1914 Monash was appointed commander
of the AIF’s 4th Infantry Brigade based in Egypt as part of the ANZAC
forces. Then in 1914 Monash was sent to Gallipoli were he served with
distinction, here he experienced the disastrous effects of bad planning and
organisation, and poor command decisions. Having served in this failed
Gallipoli campaign Monash was transferred to the Western Front by the end
of 1916, and was promoted to command of the 3rd Division. Working under
General Sir Herbert Plumer, Monash developed a reputation as a careful and
efficient commander. The Division’s first major battle was the offensive
battle at Messines in June 1917. Other battles includedthoseat
Broodseinde, Passchendaele and the defence of Amiens. In May 1918 Sir John
Monash replaced General William Birdwood as commander of the Australian
Corps. By 1918 John Monash was regarded as the most outstanding divisional
commander in the AIF. After assuming command of the Australian corps his
genius for war was to be revealed through the planning of the highly
successful Battle of Hamel. He led his troops with great skill and after
the capture of Mont St Quentin and Peronne he was knighted in the field by
King George V. Monash is generally regarded as one of the most outstanding
generals of the First World War and was also greatly respected because his
tactics involved taking into account the survival of his own soldiers. This
included what became known as peace penetration, a strategy that Monash
used successfully at the Battle of Hamel. Monash has gained a reputation as
Australia’s greatest general through his great intellect, the size and
significance of his battles, along with his drive and the depth of his
understanding of the science of battles.

Monash was educated at Scotch College, 1881, Melbourne, where he
displayed intellectual talent, where he graduated as equal dux. He then
studied arts, engineering and law at the University of Melbourne, with the
intention of becoming an engineer. In 1884, he was one of the first to join
the University Company of the 4th Battalion, Victorian Rifles. In 1885, due
to his mother’s fatal illness, Monash interrupted his studies and sought
full-time employment. He found employment on the construction of the
Prince’s Bridge over the Yarra River. This gained Monash with valuable
experience in civil engineering and he was able to continue his studies
part-time. In April 1888, he was given charge ofconstructionof
Melbourne’s Outer Circle eastern suburban railway works,whichwas
completed by 1891. Monash then resolved to complete his studies and over
the next two years he completed arts, engineering and law degrees. Also in
1891 Monash married Hannah Victoria Moss and two years later their only
child, Bertha, was born. Soon after, Monash took out a master’s degree in
Engineering. In 1891, Monash was employed by the Melbourne Harbour Trust
and enrolled as a student of the Supreme Court. During the depression in
1894, he formed a private practice with JT Noble Anderson, Monash ;
Anderson, as civil, mining and mechanical engineers and patent agents. By
1905 the partnership had dissolved, so Monash, with business associates,
formed the successful Reinforced Concrete and Monier Pipe Construction Co
Ltd.. Throughout Monash’s studies and engineering employment he continued
his military involvement. When the University Company disbanded in July
1886, he joined first the Melbourne University company of the4th
Battalion, Victoria Militia, in 1884, and then the Melbourne University’s
Metropolitan Brigade of the Garrison Artillery in 1887. By 1897, Monash had
been promoted to the rank of major of the North Melbourne Battery and he
commanded it for the next 11 years. In 1908, he was placed in charge of the
Victorian section of the Australian Intelligence Corps. He took command of
the 13th Infantry Brigade as colonel in 1913. Until the outbreak of war in
1914, Monash worked at learning the skills of artillery and engineering, as
well as teaching and designing in the Australian Citizen Force.

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!

order now

Soon after the outbreak of the First World War, Monash was appointed
commander of the 4th Infantry Brigade of the Australian Imperial Force. He
trained his brigade in Egypt and then commanded it throughout the Gallipoli
campaign. After evacuation from the Gallipoli Peninsula, Monash was given
command of the 3rd


I'm Lydia!

Would you like to get a custom essay? How about receiving a customized one?

Check it out