Jfk John F. Kennedy was the 35th president of the United States (1961-1963). He was born in Brookline, Massachusetts, on May 29, 1917,the second oldest in a family of nine children, the son of financier Joseph P. Kennedy, who served as ambassador to Great Britain during the administration of Franklin D. Roosevelt.

He graduated from Harvard University in 1940. In 1941, John Kennedy joined the Navy. He became the commander of a small boat assigned to the battle in the Pacific against the Japanese. After World War II he soon decided to run for political office. In 1946, he was elected to the U.S. Congress, Kennedy, a Democrat, served three terms (six years) in the House of Representatives, and in 1952 he was elected to the U.S.

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Senate.In 1953, he married Jacqueline Lee Bouvier. In the general election on November 8, 1960, Kennedy defeated Vice President Richard M. Nixon, in a very close race. Kennedy was the youngest man elected President and the first Catholic. Just after the election, the Kennedy’s second child, John Jr., was born.

Kennedy wanted Americans to travel to a more distant destination. In May 1961, after Alan Shepard became the first American astronaut to fly into space, Kennedy asked Congress to spend more money on space exploration, with the goal of landing a man on the moon by the end of the decade.In 1963, clashes between the police and demonstrating blacks in Birmingham, Ala., and elsewhere, especially in the South, induced the president to stress civil rights legislation. Kennedy’s new civil rights message included bills to ban discrimination in places of business; to speed up desegregation of public schools; and to end discrimination in the hiring of workers on federal construction projects. On Nov. 22, 1963, Kennedy was shot to death in Dallas, Texas, the fourth United States president to die by an assassin’s bullet. The state funeral of President Kennedy was watched on television by millions around the world.

He was buried in Arlington National Cemetery. During his time as President, JFK had to make difficult decisions. Many of the hardest choices concerned the relationship between our nation and the Soviet Union. President Kennedy’s death caused enormous sadness and grief among all Americans. Most people still remember exactly where they were and what they were doing when they heard the news of the murder.

Hundreds of thousands of people gathered in Washington for the President’s funeral, and millions throughout the world watched it on television. As the years have gone by and other Presidents have written their chapters in history, John Kennedy’s brief time in office stands out in people’s memories–for his leadership, personality, and accomplishments. Many respect his coolness when faced with difficult decisions–like what to do about the missiles in Cuba. Others admire his ability to inspire people with his eloquent speeches. Still others think his compassion and his willingness to fight for new government programs to help the poor, the elderly and the ill were most important.

Like all leaders, John Kennedy made mistakes, but he was always optimistic about the future. He believed that people could solve their common problems if they put their country’s interests first and worked together. History Essays.


Jfk John Fitzgerald Kennedy was one of the most influential people in history. Many people adored him because of his intelligence and his way with people. On November 22, 1963, John Fitzgerald Kennedy was riding in Texas, in his car, when he was shot dead by Lee Harvey Oswald. Kennedy was a outstanding president, he also served time for his country. Kennedy was a very intelligent man, he His symbolic figure represented all the charm, vigor and optimism of youth as he led a nation into a new era of prosperity.

From his birth into the powerful and influential Kennedy clan, much was to be expected of him. Kennedy was born on May 29,1917 in Brookline, Massachusetts. His father, Joe, Sr., was a successful businessman with many political connections. Appointed by President Roosevelt, Joe, Sr., was given the chair of the Securities and Exchange Commission and later the prestigious position of United States ambassador to Great Britain(Anderson 98). His mother, Rose, was a loving housewife and took young John on frequent trips around historic Boston learning about American So 2 revolutionary history.

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Both parents impressed on their children that their country had been good to the Kennedys. Whatever benefits the family received from the country they were told, must be returned by performing some service for the country(Anderson 12). The Kennedy clan included Joe, Jr., Bobby, Ted and their sisters, Eunice, Jean, Patricia, Rosemary, and Kathleen. Joe, Jr., was a significant figure in young John’s life as he was the figure for most of John’s admiration. His older brother was much bigger and stronger than John and took it upon himself to be John’s coach and protector.

John’s childhood was full of sports, fun and activity. This all ended when John grew old enough to leave for school. At the age of thirteen, John left home to attend an away school for the first time. Canterbury School, a boarding school in New Milford, Connecticut and Choate Preparatory in Wallingford, Connecticut completed his elementary education(JFK 98). John graduated in 1934 and was promised a trip to London as a graduation gift. Soon after, John became ill with jaundice and would have to go to the hospital. He spent the rest of the summer trying to recover. He was not entirely well when he started Princeton, several weeks later in the fall of 1935.

Around Christmas the jaundice returned and John had to drop out of school. Before the next school year began, he told his father he wanted to go to Harvard(JFK 98). On campus, young people took interest in politics, social changes, and events in Europe. The United States was pulling out of the Great Depression. Hitler’s So 3 Nazi Germany followed aggressive territorial expansion in Europe. It was at this time that John first became aware of the vast social and economic differences in the United States.

In June 1940, John graduated cum laude(with praise or distinction) from Harvard. His thesis earned a magna cum laude(great praise)( JFK 98). After graduation, John began to send his paper to publishers, and it was accepted on his second try. Wilfrid Funk published it under the title Why England Slept. It became a bestseller. John, at twenty-five, became a literary sensation. In the spring of 1941, both John and Joe, Jr., decided to enroll in the armed services. Joe was accepted as a naval air cadet but John was turned down by both the army and navy because of his back trouble and history of illness(JFK 98).

After months of training and conditioning, John reapplied and on September 19, John was accepted into the navy as a desk clerk in Washington. He was disgusted and applied for a transfer. In June 1941, Kennedy was sent to Naval Officers Training School at Northwestern University in Evanston, Illinois and then for additional training at the Motor Torpedo Boat Center at Melville, Rhode Island. In late April 1943, Lieutenant John F. Kennedy was put in command of a PT 109, a fast, light, attack craft in the Solomon Islands in the South Pacific. Kennedy saw action in the form of night patrols and participated in enemy bombings. On August 1, 1943, during a routine night patrol, a Japanese destroyer collided in the darkness with Kennedy’s craft and the PT 109 was sunk.

Through superhuman effort, the injured Kennedy heroically swam back and forth rescuing his wounded crew. Two were killed in the crash. The injury had once again aggravated his back. Still, Kennedy pushed on swimming from island to island in the South Pacific hoping for a patrol to come by. The lieutenant had no idea he had been in the water for eight hours.

Finally, an island was spotted that could provided cover from Japanese planes. With no edible plants or water, Kennedy realized that he and the crew must move on. The next day, he once again attempted to search for rescue. After treading water for hours, the lieutenant was forced to admit no patrol boats were coming. He turned back for the island but was swept away by a powerful current. Kennedy collapsed on an island and slept. He recovered enough energy to return to the island and gathered the crew to move to another island in search of food.

JFK was now desperate enough to seek help from natives on a Japanese controlled island. After making contact with the natives, Kennedy persuaded the natives to deliver a message written on the back of a coconut shell to allied forces.


.. ouse and asked him to answer questions in their Midland office. He says he took his father’s effects with him and the FBI made copies of all the items except the diary. He says after several hours of questioning he returned home with all his father’s effects. Later that same day, White says, FBI agent Tom Farris came to his house to retrieve a notebook he had inadvertently left in the box of Roscoe White’s effects.

White says he became aware that the diary was missing three or four days later. “I never said that the (FBI agents) took it,” he says. “I am just saying he was the last one to leave that box.” Agent Farris, who is in the Midland FBI office, transferred inquiries about the diary to his supervisor, Tom Kirspel. Kirspel would neither confirm nor deny that the agents had seen a diary. White says he never asked the FBI if it had the missing diary because he was “scared” of the agents who called at his house. “I don’t want to have anything to do with the FBI,” he says.

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Ricky White says FBI agent Ron Butler told him in 1988 that the FBI had determined that Roscoe White was at a crime scene in far Northeast Dallas at the time Kennedy was shot. Butler declined to comment on any conversations with Ricky White. QUESTION OF AUTHENTICITY Shaw, the director of the JFK Assassination Information Centre in Dallas, says Ricky White has passed both a polygraph test and a voice stress analysis and passed both tests “with flying colours.” However, the authenticity of the messages Ricky White says he found is undetermined. Office of Naval Intelligence spokesman John Wanat says the agency cannot determine whether the messages came from authentic ONI cables without the coded cables. “What they have there is really nothing that we can narrow down as far as who may have generated it or if it’s legitimate or whether it’s something that was fabricated,” Wanat said after viewing texts of the messages. John Stockwell, former chief of the Central Intelligence Agency’s Angola Task Force in Washington, D.C.

has seen the messages and sees a “90 to 95 percent probability” that they are genuine. However, he says he cannot discount the possibility the messages are part of “an elaborate hoax.” “I’ve measured it against my own readings and consultations with researchers of the Kennedy thing,” says Stockwell, who ended a 12- year CIA career in 1976 after being accused of violating his secrecy agreement with the agency. “I can’t see anything in what they have found and what the young man (Ricky White) is saying that is implausible in terms of what our best knowledge of the assassination is now. It all could very well be true, and I would put it at a high probability that it is true.” Bob Inman vehemently disagrees. After reading copies of the text, Inman, former naval intelligence director (1974-76) and CIA deputy director (1981-82), says the messages were not ONI- generated. None of the three-digit code names in the heading of the messages means anything, he says. “My reaction is that it’s a forgery of some kind or invalid,” Inman says. “There is not anything about this format that I have ever seen before.

That’s not the way messages were set up in those days at all.” Less is known about what Ricky White says is a witness elimination list that he found in the canister. Ricky White says there were 28 witnesses on the list, news clippings of each victim and accompanied in some cases by his father’s writing. “Ricky White’s story is no less logical than what we have been led to believe in 27 years.” says Fensterwald. “If just anyone came out of the woodwork and said, ‘I shot John Kennedy,’ I would be exceedingly cautious about it. But if someone who was in the Marine Corps with Oswald, whose wife worked for Jack Ruby and who knew the Tippit family, crawls out of the woodwork and says I was involved in it, that doesn’t stretch my credulity at all. “It does, however, need a lot more investigation by some official body with power to subpoena witnesses. I don’t think private citizens can carry it much further.” PREVIOUS INQUIRIES ON ASSASSINATION The assassination of President John F.

Kennedy on Nov. 22, 1963, in Dallas was investigated by two government bodies: The Warren Commission, headed by Chief Justice Earl Warren, concluded after a nine-month investigation in 1964 that Lee Harvey Oswald, acting alone, fired two shots from the sixth floor of the Texas School Book Depository, killing President John F. Kennedy and wounding Texas Gov. John Connally. The report conclusions left many skeptics.

Since bullets passed through the victims and shattered, investigators were not able to match the rifling on the bullets to the marks that would have been caused by Oswald’s rifle. After a three-year investigation, the House Select Committee on Assassinations concluded in early 1979 that Oswald fired two shots that killed Kennedy and wounded Connally. Scientific acoustical evidence indicated a “high probability” that an unidentified second gunman was firing from the grassy knoll to the front and right of the presidential limousine, but missed. TEXT OF NAVY CABLES ————————————————– —————- Navy Int. Code A MRC Remark data 1666106 NRC VDC NAC Dec.

63 Remarks Mandarin: Code G: Stay within department, witnesses have eyes, ears and mouths. You (illegible) do of the mix up. The men will be in to cover up all misleading evidence soon. Stay as planned wait for further orders. C. Bowers RE – rifle Code AAA destroy/on/ ————————————————– —————- Navy Int.

Code A MRC Remark data 1666106 NRC VDC NAC (illegible). 63 Remarks Mandarin: Code A Foreign affairs assignments have been cancelled. The next assignment is to eliminate a National Security threat to world wide peace. Destination will be Houston, Austin or Dallas. Contacts are being arranged now.

Orders are subject to change at any time. Reply back if not understood. C. Bowers OSHA RE – rifle Code AAA destroy/on/ ————————————————– —————- Navy Int. Code A MRC Remark data 1666106 Sept.

63 Remarks Mandarin: Code A Dallas destination chosen. Your place hidden within the department. Contacts are within this letter. Continue on as planned. C. Bowers OSHA RE – rifle Code AAA destroy/on/ ————————————————– —————- (Part 2 – The post-press conference follow-up story) August 7, 1990 DALLAS COP’S SON ROLLS OUT JFK THEORY MATTOX, CIA, HOLLYWOOD ANSWER CONSPIRACY CLAIM By Andrew Likakis The Texas attorney general, a major Hollywood producer and the Central Intelligence Agency are now being written into the newest chapter in the never-ending mystery of who assassinated President John F.

Kennedy. A 29-year-old unemployed oil equipment salesman from Midland stood before scores of reporters in Dallas Monday and implicated his dead father in the assassination. Soon after, Attorney General Jim Mattox said he’d gladly review the evidence, and the CIA issued an unheard of denial. At the same time, the FBI, which had previously refused to comment on Ricky White’s story, issued a statement in Washington saying agents had reviewed and dismissed White’s story two years ago. And, finally, those who believe White’s story is true acknowledge that last weekend, several of them met in Hollywood with producer/director Oliver Stone, presumably to discuss movie rights to the White story.

The latest chapter in the Kennedy epic began at a two-hour press conference in which White said his father, Roscoe Anthony White, joined the Dallas Police Department in October 1963 with the express intent of killing Kennedy. During the press conference called by two assassination research groups and several Midland businessmen, White and Baptist minister Jack Shaw talked about incriminating entries in Roscoe White’s missing diary, decoded cables, and the relationship that Roscoe White and his wife, Geneva, had with Lee Harvey Oswald, Dallas Officer J. D. Tippit and Jack Ruby. Based on his own memories, his father’s diary and effects, and the recollections of his mother, Ricky White told reporters that his father had been one of three shooters on the day Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas. Although Officer Tippit was a friend of his father’s, Ricky White says his father shot Tippit to death in the Oak Cliff section of Dallas about 45 minutes after the assassination, as he and Oswald were trying to get away.

Oswald was later accused of killing Tippit. During the press conference, White said his father was following orders to kill Kennedy and that, while he did not know who issued the orders, three messages found among his father’s effects have coding that might have come from the Office of Naval Intelligence or, indirectly, the CIA. CIA RESPONSE: ‘LUDICROUS’ The suggestion of CIA involvement brought a sharp response Monday from agency spokesman Mark Mansfield in Washington: “These allegations – that this was done on CIA orders, that this guy worked for us and that CIA had any role in the assassination of President Kennedy – are ludicrous.” Roscoe White never worked for the CIA, Mansfield said, adding: “normally, we never confirm nor deny employment, but these allegations are so outrageous that we felt it necessary and appropriate to respond.” Also Monday, the FBI issued a statement saying its agents had considered the Ricky White story in 1988 and had “determined that this information is not credible.” Bernard Fensterwald, executive director of the Assassination Archives and Research Centre in Washington, said Monday that Mattox will be given all material that points toward Roscoe White’s involvement in the assassination. RUBY, OSWALD MEETING In another curious twist to the case, Mattox said late Monday he is interested in pursing the White story because he was once told by his mother, a waitress at Campisi’s Egyptian Restaurant in Dallas, that Ruby frequented the restaurant and that she thought she saw Ruby and Oswald eating dinner there together once. The restaurant owner, the late Joe Campisi, testified before the House Select Committee on Assassinations in 1978 that he didn’t see Oswald in his eatery, Mattox said.

Mattox said he believes he has jurisdiction in the case, and he would interview White and his associates “to see what they’ve got and let them explain it to me.” “The key to the thing, of course, is, if the FBI acknowledges seeing the diary,” Mattox said. “The only thing to do is to get a look at the diary or acknowledgement (by the FBI) that it existed.” “This is not a solution to the John Kennedy case,” Fensterwald said after Ricky White told his story. “It’s information we think is important, and we think it’s true. Even if what is said here today checks out, the case is not solved. We still don’t know who planned it and paid for it and basically what the shooting was about. The best we can hope for is to get out of this an idea of who the actual assassins were.” It may be difficult for Mattox or anybody else to do much with the case without the Roscoe White diary, which disappeared in 1988.

The leather bound journal talked about the assassination and the aftermath, said Ricky White, adding that he and his mother read it. Roscoe White died of injuries sustained in an explosive fire in 1971. His widow, Geneva, is critically ill and, according to family members, unable to be interviewed. A ‘SILENCED’ WIFE According to the Rev. Shaw, Geneva White could help an investigation. Shaw says Roscoe and Geneva White confided in him in 1970-71 when they were having marital problems.

And, he says, Geneva White confided in him again during the last year, telling him that she was working as a hostess in Ruby’s Carousel Club when she overheard her husband and Ruby discussing “the entire plot of the assassination of the President two months before the shooting. After the assassination, Shaw says, Geneva White was given electric shock treatments and kept sedated so she “would be silenced.” Ruby had told her “in no uncertain terms that if she opened her mouth she was dead and her children were dead,” Shaw says Geneva White told him. Shaw says Geneva White told him she confronted her husband after an organized crime figure approached her in New Orleans in 1971 and told her to deliver a warning to her husband. According to Shaw, Geneva White was shown nearly a dozen photographs and identified the man in New Orleans as Charles Nicoletti, formerly the number one hitman with the Sam Giancana Mafia family in Chicago. Nicoletti was executed gangland style in 1977, about a year after Giancana also met the same fate. Shaw says that, when she returned to Dallas and told her husband of the ominous meeting in New Orleans, “he told her everything.” Shaw says that, as he lay in a hospital dying from burns in 1971 Roscoe White told him that he had been marked for execution by some of his underworld associates and that he believed the fire had been deliberately started to kill him.

A HOLLYWOOD INTEREST Ricky White said Monday that, since he found his father’s diary, he has been consumed full-time with trying to find out what role his father played in the assassination. He said that for more than a year he has received a “monthly salary” from the Matsu Corp., which was formed by seven Midland oilmen solely to help finance Ricky’s investigation into his father’s involvement in the assassination. Matsu president Gary Baily said Ricky began receiving financial help from Matsu on a “day-to-day basis” about six weeks ago after getting just expense funds for more than a year. Baily also said Ricky White is negotiating with Hollywood producer/director Oliver Stone for movie rights to his story. Last weekend, Ricky White, his wife and Larry Howard of the JFK Assassination Information Centre in Dallas met in the Los Angeles area with Oliver Stone and toured Universal Studios.

“Oliver Stone is interested, but no deal has been made,” Baily said. Matsu so far has spent more than $100,000 on the White project, Baily said. If any money is generated by the White story, about 74 percent will go to Ricky White’s family. The rest would go to the Matsu Corp., Baily said.


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