.. rks and wakes them as they are first falling asleep. Almost any sleeping pill, if taken continuously, will cause insomnia. Sleep can be affected by ones individual differences, prior sleep history, circadian rhythms, drugs, life styles, and psychopathology. Caffeine and nicotine are both central nervous system stimulants, and as such are sleep-disrupting substances.

Insomnia can also be due to poor eating habits, caffeine, and lack of exercise. Medications that are prescribed bed for sleep can disrupt or eliminate the sleep are: Doral, Halcion. Restoril , valium, and Xanax. Antihistamines can also cause sleep depravation. Vitamins and minerals such as B6, niacin amide, calcium, magnesium, or antioxidants. Life stress factors also cause significant variations in sleep habits from one individual to the next. Work and leisure activities, the use of alcohol and drugs, travel social and family obligations all affect the ability to get a good nights sleep.

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Excessive daytime sleepiness and fatigue can be one characteristic of narcolepsy and hypersomnia . Insomnia can adversely affect both physical and mental health. Some people suffering from Insomnia depend too much time in bed unsuccessfully trying to sleep. Diagnosis Diagnosis is based on two symptoms: 1) the perceived difficulty of initiating and/or maintaining sleep or feeling unrested despite an adequate amount of sleep or 2) daytime tiredness or porsocialor work performance as a consequence of impaired sleep. Insomnia is not defined by the number of hours of sleep a person gets or how long it takes to fall asleep. Identifying behaviors that may worsen Insomnia and stopping (or reducing) them. Normative developmental changes in sleep patterns are outlined and distinguished from pathological sleeplessness.

Sleep problems are also more common among the widowed, divorced and separated and among people with low incomes and low socio-economic status. Certain individuals are more likely to experience Insomnia are the elderly, females, and those persons with a history of depression. Twenty-five percent of adults and fifty percent of senior citizens have insomnia problems. Insomnia is also a problem that is prevalent among people write HIV/ Aids. When loss of sleep impairs a persons ability to function properly during the day, it may indicate a potential problem.

Insomnia may cause problems during the day, such as tiredness, a lack of energy, difficulty concentrating, and irritability. The main consequence of sleep depravation in otherwise normal sleepers are sleepless, performance impairment, and mood alteration. The severity of the effects of sleep depravation depend on the effects sleep loss is partial, total, acute, or chronic. Insomniacs have more difficulty coping with minor irritations and report less enjoyment of family and relationships; they also feel less well physically. About one third of the adult population is affected by insomnia each year.

Insomnia affects 20-40% of all adults, mostly women and the elderly. According to the National Survey of Psychotherapeutic Drug Use , about 35% of the adult populationis affected by insomnia during the course of a year. The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) Epidomiologic Catchment Area study yielded a 10.2% of the population on a chronic basis. Surveys indicate that one-third. ” About 15to 18 percent suffer from percent suffer from intractable sleep difficulties that are perceived to impediments to them life says Harvey Moldofsky , chief psychologist at Toronto Western Hospital.

Acute sleep loss causes fatigue and decreases motivation administrative. Total sleep loss for more than one night leads to micro sleep episodes intruding into wakefulness, effecting attention span reduction, difficulty concentrating, and performance efficiency is impaired. As sleep loss accumulates, daytime sleepless increases, and both cognition and behavioral deficits are exalelated. Chronic insonmia may induce emotional distress and increase the use of psychotropic medications and the risk of substance abuse. Sleep disturbances can affect a persons life, causing significant psychosocial, occupational and health reprocassions.

Sleep duration is low lend to lavevity . Insomnacs are move likely (5% US. 2%) to report motor vehicle accidents in which fatigue was a factor. Individuals with sleep disturbances are move likely to display concomitent pshchological distress than those without sleep complaints reported by insomniacs often have a psychosomatic connotation: thsior headaches, gadro intestinal problems, no specific aches and pains, and allergies. There is a strong relationship between sleep and emotional disturbances.

Insomnia causes psychological distress in some individuals, and that in those already afflicted by emotional problems, chronically disturbed sleep may only potentiate these difficulties. Reports of fatigue, tiredness, or drowsiness almost always accompany Insomnia complaints. Sleepiness is almost a direct result of sleep depravation. And, chronic inability to sleep will ultimately lead to Insomnia or some type of sleep disorder. Insomnia encompasses a wide variety of complaints typically reflecting unsatisfactory duration, efficiency, or quality of sleep.

Technology Technology used to measure and aid in the diagnosis of sleep consist of the EEG, the electro-oculogram (EOG), and the electromyogram (EMG). The EEG records brain wave activity from the central and occipital areas. The EOG measures a difference of electrical potential between the cornea and the retina; this difference is generated with each eye movement. The EMG monitors muscle tone, and its main recording site is the chin. Monitoring of oxygen saturation is used in the assessment diagnosis of sleep apnea. The electrocardiogram (EKG) documents arrhythmias accompanying respiratory disturbances. Accompanying respiratory disturbances.

EMG monitoring of the anterior tibilias muscles is used for detection of periodic leg movements during sleep. Most adults need seven or eight hours of sleep a night, but some adults are ” short sleepers” and functions well and only there of four hours. Being that the purpose of sleep could be to allow the body time to repair and rejurvenate- some find 4 to 6 hours as a sufficient amount at sleep. Sleep reduces fatigue and relieves stress and dreaming helps to clear the nervous systems. The amount of time needed for sleep is eshonaly usaible from person to person. The clinical significanes of insomnia is detemined according to its sevenrity, frequency, duration, and daytime sequence.

Treatment for dramic insomia consists of: -There are many foods you may try to get est that would/will aid in putting you to sleep. Foods such as oats, sweet corn, rice, zawgen, tomatoes, bananas, and barely all are rich in malnutrion which helps reduce sleep. -Lifestyle changes can also hepls you to sleep better. -Herbal remedies that as help induce sleep are Valerian roots, skull cap, passion flower, wood betony or California poppy. -Over the counter sleep medicines are not usually recommended for the treatment of insomnia . Though using sleeping pills without supervision of a physican for long periods of time can treat chronic insomnia.

-Tayrs behavioral techniques to improve sleep, such as rehilbilation therpy, sleep restrictions therapy, and reconditioning may help. There are specific and effective technques through rehilbilation therapy that can reduces or eliminate anxiety and body tension. Insomnia can not be cured without treaty the underlying imbalance that causes it. The Association of Sleep Disorders Caters was established in 1975; its purpose is to accidet clinics in the United States and to promote professional education and the development of standards and guidelines for patient care. Most clinics are based in large urban hospitals or university medical schools, usually in conjunction with sleep-research programs . Medical experts from widely diverse fields are involved in sleep clinics.

Psychologists and psychiatrists, internist, psycologists and specialist in disorders of the heart, lungs, brain, respiratory system and central nervous system are involved can givers at sleep clinics. Conclusion Insomnia can be treated if diagnosed properly and medication can be given to aid in the elimination of the problem.


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