In The Tale of Two Cities by Charles Dickens both London and Paris appear to be poor cities. The main theme is Recalled to Life which is the resurrection or release of Alexandre Manette from the kingdom of death and his isolation of being in prison for nearly eighteen years. Paris appears to be more “under the heel” than London. In Paris the wealthy were separated from the poor and did not care about them at all. A wine cask was broken and the poor people stopped in the street to have a brief celebration while they were drinking up the wine.
Gaspard takes some of the wine and writes on the side of the building “blood” which is foreshadowing the French Revolution. It was said that terror..blood, all of this is coming. Madame Defarge said that, “cold, hunger, dirt, want, and sickness are the noble things that rule. Another event is when Marquis Evremonde is in town, his carriage runs into a little boy and the boy is thrown under the wheel and killed instantly. Evremonde gives the father a quarter for his troubles and wants to continue. Someone took and threw the quarter back and Evremonde leans out the window and says that he would ride over anyone of them.
This shows that he is of nobility and does not care at all for the poor people of Paris. Gaspard is angry and he stows away under Evremonde’s carriage. While returning home, the gardener bowed to his master but he did not bother to tell him that there was a stowaway because he was for the Jacques, who are waiting for the French Revolution. The poor in Paris were not looked after and all this was adding to the Revolution. The poor in London were treated better than those in Paris. The wealthy mingled among the poor, which shows there were no hard feelings.
The people of England were innocent until proven guilty which meant that they had more of a chance. The English government had the Magna Carter that was a step towards constitutional government. In London the people were still all over and dirty but they were not mistreated as badly. The people’s attitudes are brighter, they have all in all a better daily life. Lucie Manette has believed all these years that her father has been dead, but she found out that he has been, “buried alive” and is now recalled to life. Lucie asks Mr. Lorry why everything must be secretive and he tells her that is the way everything is done.
She has to comfort, love, and restore her father back to the way he was. After being locked up for so many years, one tends to go crazy. Alexandre has taken up making shoes to keep him busy. When Lucie comes into her father’s view he thinks it is his wife but she is to young to be his wife. When asked what his name is he replies, “105 north tower.” That is the only way he knows himself, he has no memory of the past but Lucie helps him to remember.
Five years later, Charles Darney is tried for treason. The English believed that he has been giving the French information but he is really of nobility over there and is trying to fulfill his dying mother’s wishes. He knew that the Evremonde name was greatly hated by all the people in France. Evremonde told Charles that things are worse and repression is the only lasting philosophy. That night Gaspard climbed up to Evremonde’s window and takes a knife and stabs him, saying, “this is for the Jacques.”.