ate Of Political ExcIn 1794 the temporary capital was in an extreme state of political excitement. Federalist Thimas Fitzsimons, was challenged by Republican John Swanwick with vicious charges with the intent to attract voters. Fitzsimonss supporters called Swanwick an unstable person who was unknown by the political public until he got to know the enemies and made friends with them. John won a syunning victory over Fitzsimons, beating seven of the twelve votes and getting fifty-six percent of the votes.
1789 and 1801 were very crucial years for the young America. Franklin had said that Americans had proved that they were able to destroy governments. The candidates for this election were Thomas Fitzsimon, and John Swanwick.
Fitzsimons was born in Ireland and later migrated to the colonies before the revolution. He first started low by working for a clerk, then later moved up and married into the principal merchants family. he was the original founders of the Bank of North America, and the president of the Insurance Company of North America. John was a Roman Catholic. He was a member of the Federalist inner circle in Philadelphia and a firm supporter of Alexander Hamilton.
Swanwick was born in England. Him and his family arrived in the colonies in the early 1770s. John embraced the Patriot cause. Johnwas hired as a merchant in a firm where is fluency in French and German made him invaluable to the firm. He quickly rose to full partnership in 1783. then in 1794 he bought out his partner share in the company and became full owner. By 1793, he had fallen away from Federalism and had become a Democratic-Republican.
The Federalists believed in preserving liberty. It was revealing the rulers who were chosen by the people and the government. Their views on the whisky rebellion were that they vowed not to pay taxes. The democratic-republican wanted war. They were letting the revenue officers arrange themselves immediately under the banner of treasury.
The first account of yellow fever appeared toward the latter end of July, in a lodging house in North Water Street. During the month of august the funerals amounted to upwards of three hundred. The disease quickly spread through all sides, and in this month one thousand four hundred were added to this list of mortality. The disease was still progressing and towards the end ninety to one hundred were dyeing daily. The mortality total amounted to four thousand and forty one deaths. Benjamin Rush said to Mrs. Rush that she should be assured that that he would send for her if he would be stricken with the disease, and that he expected anyone else to send for him if they had been stricken down with the disease. The symptoms were followed by stupor, delirium, vomiting, dry skin, cool or cold hands and feet, a feeble slow pulse. The eyes would suffuse with blood, then afterwards become yellow, and then most common the yellow would then cover the whole body. The common remedies for colds had no effect what so ever of yellow fever. The yellow fever commitment was this that followed, Of the eighteen peoplecited for contributions to the Citizens Committee on the Fever, nice were definitely Democratic-Republicans. Of the remaining nice, only one was avowed Federalist.
By 1800 most of the country had become involved in the gradual process of party building. By that time the Democratic-Republicans were the dominating political force, although Federalism still retained considerable strength in New England and the middle states. Swanwick had never seen the total triumph of the Democratic-Republicans because he had died in 1798 by yellow fever. Fitzsimons never again sought political office, he focused his energy on his already successful mercantile and banking career. Y 1826 many of the federalist problems had been resolved, but at that same time new issues had arisen that would test the durability of the republic. Andrew Jackson had threatened to break the Jeffersonian coalition, Westward expansion had carried Americans into territories owned by other nations, and Amercian cities such as Philadelphia were growing in both population and socioeconomic problems.
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