ical Greek Tragic HeIn his Poetics, Aristotle defined the term tragedy’ as a man not preeminently virtuous and just, whose misfortune, however, is brought upon him not by vice or depravity, but by some error in judgement the change in the hero’s fortune must not be from misery to happiness, but on the contrary, from happiness to misery’. From this definition, he further expanded it by defining the profile of the Classical Greek tragic hero, basing it on what he considered the best tragedy ever written, Sophocle’s Oedipus Rex. He felt that a tragedy should comprise of the hero’s goodness and superiority, a tragic flaw in which the hero makes fatal errors in judgement which eventually lead to his downfall, a tragic realisation in which the main character understand how he has unwittingly helped to bring about his own destruction and the absence of freewill in the tragic hero’s life.
Oedipus was a good ruler: just, compassionate and sympathetic. When the priests of Thebes approached him, pleading for help on behalf of the people of Thebes who were suffering from death and famine. Oedipus immediately agreed and promised them that he would do his best in solving the problems, saying that his heart bore the weight of his own’ and all of his people’s sorrows’. He promised to bring everything to light’. Oedipus was also a filial son. When he first learnt about the prophecy in Corinth, he was unwilling to stay and left immediately, in case circumstances would ever lead him to kill the King and marry the Queen of Corinth, whom he had then thought of as his natural parents.
Oedipus’ superiority was also evident in the play, not only through his ranking of the king of Thebes, which automatically placed him far above the nobles, priests and common people, but also through his intelligence. When the Sphinx plagued’ the city by blocking the city gates and eating those who could not answer its riddle, which was “what is it that goes on four feet in the morning, two feet at midday, and three feet in the evening?” Oedipus was the only person able to chase the Sphinx away with the correct answer of man’. This led to him becoming the king of Thebes which in turn led to his superiority of ranking.
However, Oedipus was not a perfect man. His tragic flaw was that of stubbornness, impulsiveness and most of all, his grandiosity (which can be seen when a person admires himself, his qualities, such as beauty, cleverness, and talents, and his success and achievements greatly). When he left Corinth, he met an entourage on the way to Thebes. There, the leader’ of the horse-drawn carriage ordered him out of the way’. Oedipus lost his temper and killed everyone in the entourage due to his impulsiveness and foolishness, which led to his being crowned King and ultimately, to his downfall.
When Oedipus was later crowned King of Thebes and was thus obliged to find’ the killer of the former King Lauis in order to save his people from suffering, he invited the renowned blind prophet Teiresias to Thebes to reveal the truth of the mystery that surrounded Lauis’ death. Although reluctant at first, he finally revealed that it was in fact Oedipus who had killed King Lauis. Oedipus did not believe him and insulted him, calling him names like insolent scoundrel’. His pride refused to let him believe that he had in actual fact done wrong by killing his father. His grandiosity blinded him while he was seeking King Lauis’ killer. He felt that he had nothing to lose and persisted in bringing bringing the truth to light, disregarding the warnings of Jocasta, his wife and mother.
All these errors in judgement he had made led to his eventual downfall, where he finally realised that he had unwittingly fulfilled Apollo’s oracle and sealed his destiny by leaving Corinth and killing King Lauis, answering the Sphinx’s riddle correctly and thus becoming the king of Thebes and also through his pursuit of the truth of King Lauis’ death.
Oedipus also had no freewill. He had absolutely no say in his life. When he was born,