The Hobbit by J.R.R. Tolkien is set in a fantasy world that has
differences, as well as similarities, to our own world. The author has
created the novel’s world, Middle Earth, not only by using imagination, but
by also adding details from the modern world. Realistic elements in the
book enable readers to relate to the setting, yet have the ability to
“imagine” exciting events and organisms not found on Earth.

The majority of differences between Middle Earth and today’s world are
found in objects and the actions of characters that can not be carried out
or created in our world. The most abundant example of this in The Hobbit
is the presence of magic. Gandalf, the wizard, is able to help the
adventurers out of a number of dangerous situations by using his magical
powers to harm their enemies. He set Wargs afire while he was trapped in a
tree and created a bolt of lightening to kill many of the Goblins who had
surrounded the group in a cave. The magical ring, which was a key to
helping the group succeed in the book, allowed he who was wearing it to
become invisible to others. Also, there was a black stream in Mirkwood that
made he who drank out of it suddenly very drowsy and forgetful of previous
events. All of these examples of happenings and objects found in Middle
Earth are physically impossible in a world such as ours.

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Several of the organisms in the book are not known to exist on Earth.
Hobbits, of course, are fictional characters, as are dwarves, elves,
goblins, and trolls. Many species of animals are able to vocally
communicate with humans and dwarves in the novel, which is not possible on
our planet. Beorn, a human who is able to morph into other creatures at an
instant, is an excellent example of such fiction. The dragon, Smaug, is
the main adversary of the fourteen adventurers and is a type of creature
that has long been used in fantasy writing. Although most of the
characters’ species are merely creations of the author, they all exhibit a
sense of realism that causes them to seem almost human.

There is a vast difference between Middle Earth and the modern world,
but there are also several similarities. In Middle Earth, there live
humans, and hobbits, which are very much similar to miniature people. The
language spoken and food consumed in the novel’s world are found in modern
society. Also, the fact that Thorin Oakenshield is heir of the throne of
the King under the Mountain and inherits all of the riches of the kingdom is
like the parliamentary system of England. The environment and terrain the
group passes through on their adventure is primarily the same as lands
unchanged by humans and surrounded by nature appear today. In the novel,
there are forests with miles of trees, high, rocky mountains, and flowing
rivers just as there are here on Earth.

It is not possible that a fantasy story such as The Hobbit could occur
in real life. However, I do believe that fantasy can effectively teach us
about reality. There are morals, lessons, and themes to be found within
the text that can help us gain knowledge and live our lives more
Bilbo Baggins took a stand and raised enough courage to do something
he had never thought of doing before, going on a great adventure. This
choice caused Bilbo to gain endurance, bravery, an appreciation of his life,
and many valuable experiences that made him a wiser person. Thorin’s
selfish act of not wanting to share the dragon’s riches with the other
towns’ citizens caused only bad events to occur. This teaches us that
kindness and giving to others will not only benefit them, but will also
cause you to feel more content inside. When the group of fourteen was
staying with Beorn to rest, he gave them suggestions and information about
the journey that lie ahead of them. He informed them about a black stream
out of which they should never drink, no matter how thirsty they may be,
for it would put them to sleep for days. If they had not listened to his
words, their adventure would have ended, as they all would have consumed the
water and probably been captured by enemies. Their experiences teach us
that it is wise to listen to those with more knowledge than us, as it is
likely that they have been in our position before and have experience. If
we shun them and take their words as mere bragging, then we are missing an
opportunity to learn and will probably make a mistake that we could have
prevented. Although The Hobbit is fictional, one can learn much about
reality in the morals it contains.


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