Frankenstein Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein is filled with various underlying themes, the crux being the effect society has on The Creature’s personality. These topics have been discussed and explored on countless occasions, and the novel has been compared with its contemporaries of the Romantic Age numerous times. However, if one were to correlate and contrast Shelly’s masterpiece with another, the greatest work would be the creation story in Genesis. Victor and The Creature are obvious representations of God and Adam, and the events in the two accounts parallel and differ from each other in several ways. God breathed life into Adam and created him in his own image and likeness. He placed him in a utopia and gave him authority over everything.

With this authority, Adam used his knowledge to distinguish right from wrong, and if he needed help, God was always there with his unconditional love. Victor, on the other hand, assembled body parts from different corpses and made a hideous monster in the heat of his madness. He left The Creature to fend for himself in a world full of ugliness, violence, and hate. There was no mutual feeling of love between Victor and his creation, only that of hate and fear. An all-powerful being who was perfect in every aspect created Adam. God saw that he was lonely and chose to make a mate for him to live with.

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When Adam sinned, he accepted his guilt, obeyed God, and left the garden. Though his own creation went against him, God loved Adam the whole time. A flawed mad man, whose intentions were only to satisfy himself, created The Creature. He demanded that his creator make a mate for him so he could have someone to share his love with. When Victor refused his request, The Creature swore vengeance, and hate was shared by both.

One of the main similarities between Adam and The Creature is the fact that their creators went from one extreme to another at pivotal moments in the stories. Victor had compassion for The Creature as he listened to his story in the cave, and God became angry with Adam when he ate the forbidden fruit. Even though Adam broke the rules, God never stopped loving him. Victor hated The Creature throughout the book. Never will I create another like yourself, equal in deformity and wickedness(160).

Although these two tales are different in numerous aspects, both have morals and lessons. Frankenstein teaches that man should not try to defy God, and that no one should be judged by their physical appearance. The creation story shows that man should respect his authorities. Victor, a flawed version of God, made the mistake of abandoning his son at birth, and continuing to shun him the rest of his life. The Creature was flawed, but not by his own fault. He was sent into an ugly world by himself, with no one to help him or teach him. Mary Shelley used a deep, gothic theme to get several different points across, and made it interesting by paralleling the main characters with the characters of a well- known story. Bibliography none English Essays.


Although humans have the tendency to set idealistic goals to better future generations, often the results can prove disastrous, even deadly. The tale of Frankenstein, by Mary Shelley, focuses on the outcome of one man’s idealistic motives and desires of dabbling with nature, which result in the creation of horrific creature. Victor Frankenstein was not doomed to failure from his initial desire to overstep the natural bounds of human knowledge. Rather, it was his poor parenting of his progeny that lead to his creation’s thirst for the vindication of his unjust life. In his idealism, Victor is blinded, and so the creation accuses him for delivering him into a world where he could not ever be entirely received by the people who inhabit it. Not only failing to foresee his faulty idealism, nearing the end of the tale, he embarks upon a final journey, consciously choosing to pursue his creation in vengeance, while admitting he himself that it may result in his own doom. The creation of an unloved being and the quest for the elixir of life holds Victor Frankenstein more accountable for his own death than the creation himself.

Delivered into the world, full grown and without a guardian to teach him the ways of the human world, the creation discovers that he is alone, but not without resource. He attempts to communicate to his creator, however, he is incapable of speech. As Frankenstein recounts the situation, he says,
I beheld the wretch—the miserable monster whom I had created. He held up the curtain of the bed; and his eyes, if eyes they may be called, were fixed on me. His jaw opened, and he muttered some inarticulate sounds, while a grin wrinkled his cheeks. He might have spoken, but I did not hear; one hand was stretched out, seemingly to detain me, but I escaped and rushed downstairs (Shelley, p. 43).

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As Frankenstein explains, he declares that he deliberately neglects to communicate with his creation, based on its shockingly hideous appearance. Had Frankenstein taken the time to communicate and care for his creation, with all the knowledge that he possesses of the responsibility of a good parent, the creation would have never developed the sense of vindication and reprisal that lead him to murdering Victor’s loved one’s. The creation would henceforth account Frankenstein for all his sufferings succeeding his birth. Frankenstein’s first of numerous mistaken decisions ill-fating his destiny relies greatly upon a lack of responsibility for the creation he so passionately brings to life in the early chapters of his tale. From his very first words, Victor claims to have been born to two indefatigably affectionate parents in an environment of abundant knowledge. As he speaks of his parents, Frankenstein attempts to portray his fortunate upbringing,
Much as they were attached to each other, they seemed to draw inexhaustible stores of affection from a very mine of love to bestow them upon me. My mother’s tender caresses and my father’s smile of benevolent pleasure while regarding me are my first recollections. I was their plaything and their idol, and something better—their child, the innocent and helpless creature bestowed on them by heaven, whom to bring up to good, and whose future lot it was in their hands to direct to happiness or misery, according as they fulfilled their duties towards me (Shelley, p. 19).

By these recollections, Frankenstein illustrates his parents as being the most ideal caregivers imaginable to any child, being granted the all the vital tools of a responsible guardian as a result, which he neglects to utilize upon animating his creation. Frankenstein abandons his hideous child, feelings of vindication arise, and the creation kills members of his family for all the mental anguish that has been set upon him.

In his idealism, Frankenstein is blinded and fails or is unable to foresee the dangerous outcome of his creation, giving life to a hideous being that could never be accepted in such a superficial world. As Frankenstein recounts the procedures of making his being, he admits himself that his idealism blinded his ability to foresee the drastic effects that might result in giving life to an unloved creature.

No one can conceive the variety of feelings which bore me onward like a hurricane, in the first enthusiasm of success. Life and death appeared to me ideal bounds, which I should break through, and pour a torrent of light into our dark world. A new species would bless me as its creator and source; many happy and excellent natures would owe their being to me. No father could claim the gratitude of his child so completely as I should deserve theirs. Pursuing these reflections, I thought that if I could bestow animation upon lifeless matter, I might in process of time (although I now found it impossible) renew life where death had apparently devoted the body to corruption (Shelley, p. 38-39).

Frankenstein’s intent was to create a being unlike any other, superior to all human life and so he picked the most perfect body parts and beauteous features, all to be pieced together in great anticipation. However, the results are horrific and irreversible. Accusing Frankenstein of bringing him into a world where he could never be accepted, the creation realizes his creator’s faulty idealism. However, Frankenstein is unable to detect his idealistic blindness. In a conversation with Frankenstein, the creation explains, attempting to make him conceive the amount of mental anguish that has been brought upon him by giving him life,
…instead of threatening, I am content to reason with you. I am malicious because I am miserable. Am I not shunned and hated by all mankind? You, my creator, would tear me to pieces and triumph; remember that, and tell me why I should pity man more than he pities me? You would not call it murder if you could precipitate me into one of those ice-rifts and destroy my frame, the work of you own hands (Shelley, p.130).

In the creation’s loathsome words, he merely justifies that had Frankenstein not have been passionately immersed in the creation of a superior being, gigantic and repulsive as a result, all his sufferings would cease to exist.

Longing for the attention that Frankenstein neglects to provide him with at his birth, the creation attempts to gain it by stalking and killing his loved ones. The creation does finally attain this attention as Frankenstein feels that he no longer has any reason to live but to seek revenge upon the being that has ultimately destroyed him. Upon hearing Frankenstein’s declarations of reprisal, the creation is delighted in finally receiving the attention that he neglected to provide to him at his birth. The creation challenges him in pursuing him and. replies, “I am satisfied miserable wretch! You have determined to live, and I am satisfied,” (Shelley, 186). Frankenstein initiates the conflict that would lead directly to his doom. Consciously choosing to pursue his creation, Frankenstein implores himself to seek reprisal upon him. Frankenstein vows that he will undertake the great task that is the pursuit of his creation. Although he may be enraged with vengeance and unrestrained anger, Frankenstein does admit that this pursuit may indeed result in his own death. As he declares this vengeance, he says,
By the sacred earth on which I kneel, by the shades that wander near me, by thee, O Night, and the spirits that preside over thee, to pursue the demon who caused this misery, until he or I shall perish in mortal conflict. For this purpose I will preserve my life; to execute this dear revenge will I again behold the sun and tread the green herbage of earth, which otherwise should vanish from my eyes forever (Shelley, p. 186).

Ultimately, in the end, this leads to Frankenstein’s demise even though he realizes that it might, for the death of either his creation or himself will obliterate and relieve all the sufferings that he has been forced to endure.
Frankenstien is the tale of a man doomed to failure and death for his desire to play with nature. By creating a destructive being, in human form, that he cannot control, Victor Frankenstein brings about his own ruin. Frankenstein neglects to take responsibility for his creation, abandoning him, resulting in the murder of his most loved ones as the creation’s revenge. In his idealism, Frankenstein is blinded and is unable to foresee the drastic effects of giving life to a being that could never be entirely accepted by human society, that further the creation’s vindictiveness. Lastly, consciously choosing to pursue his creation in vengeance, Frankenstein’s sufferings are finally obliterated, for he was well aware that it may lead to his ultimate doom. The creation of an unloved being and the search for a death cure hold Victor Frankenstien more responsible for his own demise than the creation himself.


Frankenstein Robert Walton the captain of a voyage to the North Pole Margaret Saville Walton’s sister and confidante to whom he writes his letters Victor Frankenstein a student of Ingolstadt who becomes obsessed with his studies and creates the “monster” Alphonse Frankenstein Victor’s father who dies of despair Caroline (Beaufort) Frankenstein Victor’s kind-hearted mother who dies of scarlet fever when Victor is seventeen Ernest Frankenstein Victor’s brother William Frankenstein Victor’s youngest brother who is strangled to death by the “monster” Justine Moritz A close friend of the Frankensteins who is accused and executed for the murder of William Frankenstein Henry Clerval Victor’s closest friend and traveling companion who is strangled by the “monster” Elizabeth Lavenza Victor’s adopted sister who marries Victor and is killed by the “monster” on their wedding night M. Krempe Victor’s natural philosophy professor at the University of Ingolstadt M. Waldman A professor at the University of Ingolstadt whose chemistry lecture inspires Victor to begin his creation M. Kirwin An old Irish magistrate who takes care of Victor while he is in prison The Frankenstein Monster Victor’s creation who is deserted by Victor and rejected by society M. DeLacey a blind exile from France who plays the guitar Felix DeLacey M. DeLacey’s hard-working son Agatha DeLacey M.

DeLacey’s loving daughter Safie Felix’s Arabian fiancee who leaves Turkey and joins Felix Robert Walton and his crew are on an expedition to the North Pole when they come across Victor Frankenstein near death. Walton restores Victor back to health and Victor explains the circumstances which have brought him into the artic regions in this condition. When Victor was a college student at The University of Ingolstadt, he became obsessed with the natural sciences and vowed to be the first to create life. Victor collected body parts from cadavers until he had gathered enough to form one gigantic body. He successfully instilled life within this body and, in fear and disgust, he ran from the new being. The being was left to survive on his own with no knowledge or guidance.

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He made several attempts to befriend people. but everyone either ran from him in fear or attacked him. The being became educated and learned of his origin. After continuous rejections and hostility from society, the being decided to get revenge on his creator who gave him this pitiful life. The being murdered Victor’s brother and Victor’s friend.

The being promised to stop murdering if Victor agreed to create a companion for the creature. Victor agrees to do so, but after close consideration and deep contempt for his actions, he destroyed the being that he promised to his creation. The being killed Victor’s best friend and wife in protest, and left Victor to wallow in his misery. Victor vowed to avenge his friends’ and wife’s murders and he set out to find the monster. After an arduous journey following the beast (which has brought him to Walton,) Victor dies.

The being, unable to bear his horrible crimes and his master’s death, reveals his plans to commit suicide to Walton and leaves. After learning of Victor’s self-destruction, Walton decides to end his voyage and he and his crew head south.


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