Frank Lloyd Wright

Frank Lloyd Wright Frank Lloyd Wright was born as Frank Lincoln Wright on June 8, 1867. He was born in Richland Center, which is in southern Wisconsin. His father, William Carey Wright, was a musician and a preacher. His mother, Anna Lloyd-Jones was a teacher. It is said that his mother placed pictures of great buildings in young Franks nursery as part of training him up from the earliest possible moment to be an architect. Wright spent some time growing up on a farm owned by his uncle, which was located near spring Green, Wisconsin.

He was of Welch heritage, and was brought up in the Unitarian Religion. Wright briefly studied civil engineering at the university of Wisconsin in Madison, and then moved to Chicago to work at an architectural firm. In 1887, he was hired as a draftsman by the firm of Alder and Sullivan. At the time, the firm was designing Chicagos Auditorium Building. Wright eventually became the head draftsman, as well as the leader of the firms residential designs.

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After obtaining these responsibilities, Wright began to design and apply his own architectural ideas. In 1889, he married his first wife, Catherine Tobin. He also began designing houses, which was against his firms policy because they were required to follow the designs sent to them, not make their own. When his boss discovered this, Frank was fired. His house designs, however, were incredible. They showed the start of Wrights low, sheltering rooflines, the prominence of the central fireplace, and intricate geometric designs on both doors and windows.

Wright started his own firm in 1893, working out of a studio that was built in onto his home in Oak Park, a suburb of Chicago. Between 1893 and 1901, 49 buildings by Wright were built. During this period he began to develop his ideas, which would come together in his Prairie House concept. Into 1909, he developed and refined the prairie style, and founded this concept in architecture, and his art of this early productive period in his life is also considered as part of the arts and crafts movement, because many of his designs not only had plans for the structure of the house, but ideas of decorating the interior as well. This very productive phase in Wrights career ended in 1909, when he left his wife and five children to go to Germany.

He was joined there by Mamah Borthwick Cheney, the wife of a former client and now his girlfriend. From 1912 to 1914, Wright and Cheney lived together at Taliesin, a home he designed near his uncles farm in Spring Green, Wisconsin. This ended when a crazed servant murdered Chaney and six others, also setting a fire that destroyed most of Taliesin. During the years 1914 to 1932, Wright rebuilt Taliesin, divorced his first wife, married and separated form another woman (partially due to the fact that he spent some time in jail), and met his third wife, Olgivanna Milanoff. His architectural designs during this period included the Imperial Hotel in Tokyo, Japan, and many California homes.

Few commissions were completed toward the end of this period, but Wright did lectures to various architects, and published articles, including An Autobiography in 1932. Wrights output became more organized and individualized, with the help of numerous apprentices who assisted in design detail and site supervision. His most famous work, Fallingwater, was designed in 1936. He also began working on a project called Taliesin West in Arizona. The Taliesin Associated Architects, The Frank Lloyd Wright School of Architecture, and the Frank Lloyd Wright Foundation are living legacies of what Mr. Wright founded in 1932. Few buildings were produced during the war years, but the G.I.

Bill brought many new apprentices when the war ended. This post-war period to the end of his life was the most productive. He received 270 house commissions, and designed and built the price tower skyscraper, the Guggenheim Museum, and the Marin County Civic Center. Wright never retired; he passed away on April 9, 1959, at the age of 92 in Arizona. He was buried in the Graveyard at Unity Chapel at Taliesin in Wisconsin. In 1985, Olgivanna Wright passed away, and one of her wishes was to have Frank Lloyd Wrights remains cremated and the ashes placed next to hers at Taliesin West.

Despite much controversy, this was done. The epitaph at his Wisconsin gravesite reads, Love of an idea is the love of God.

Frank lloyd wright

It was a cool spring day with a light soothing breeze, flowers were
blooming, the grass as green as it could be. The light glistened off the mesmerizing
surroundings, and the babbling brook whispers in the distance. This is what Frank
Lloyd Wright would think about every time he was faced with a new project. His
love for nature is so profound and strong he says, I believe in god, only I spell it
nature (quotations 1). Wright works with his bond with nature and gives it back
in what is called landscape architecture. His two finest masterpieces were
Fallingwater and Taliesin West. These two houses show how Wright can take any
area and build a beautiful and well preserved home while keeping in mind the
surroundings and showing how triumphant nature is. For more than 70 years,
Wright showed people new ways to build there homes and see the world around
Frank Lloyd Wright left behind a rich legacy of beautiful houses and
buildings. He created an American style of architecture, and an example of what it
is to live life based on your own convictions. He created some of the most
monumental, and some of the most intimate spaces in America. He designed
everything including banks, resorts, office buildings, churches, a synagogue, a beer
garden and an art museum. From his first house to his final masterpiece Wright
had always tried to place nature into his projects. He believed in nature over all as
he said, study nature, love nature, stay close to nature. It will never fail you
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(quotations 1). Wright was one of the most respected and influential architect.
He described his organic architecture as one that proceeds, persists, creates,
according to the nature of man and his circumstances as they both change. Wright
started to call his work organic architecture as what would be called today
landscape architecture. He used this term because he would take the surroundings
of a project and create a natural link between mankind and his environment (life
and work 1). Wright always wanted to bring out the natural beauty in his work
and he did that by creating landscape architecture.
Landscape architects address specialized areas beyond what a traditional
architect do. Frank Lloyd Wright revolutionized the word landscape architecture.
Before him landscape architects mainly were limited to gardens around buildings.
Now it is one of the biggest parts of architecture as we know it.Landscape
architecture is the art and science of analysis, planning, design, management,
preservation, and rehabilitation of the land (what is a 1). Now it covers a much
wider area including parks, malls, highways, and houses. In Wrights work he
shows contrast in size, color, and texture of plant material as well as contrasts in
shady masses and open, sunny spaces, especially in relation to climate (Encarta 2).
To be a good landscape architect you have to be at one with nature and Wright
was 100% one with nature. He quotes, Nature is a good teacher, I am a child of
hers, and apart from her precepts, cannot flourish. I cannot work as well as she,
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perhaps, but at least can shape my work to sympathize with what seems beautiful to
me in hers (Boulton 48). Wright says that he cannot produce something as
graceful an beautiful as nature but he will try to design something in parallel to it.
He feels so pasionate about nature that he wouldnt do anything to harm it and do
everything to make his work in tone with it. Wright quotes,
Go to nature, thou builder of houses, consider her ways and do not be petty
and foolish. Let your home appear to grow easily from the site and shape
it to sympathize with the surroundings if nature is manifest there, and if not,
try and be as quiet, substantial, and organic as she would have been of she
If you take a look at a project oh Wrights you would have to believe that he loved
and respected nature using landscape architecture to make it seem like his projects
Wright does everything possible to create the surroundings of his buildings
just as nature would do herself. Two famous projects that were designed perfectly
parallel to nature was Fallingwater and Taliesin West. These two houses show
the greatest achievement to landscape architecture.

When Wright was asked to design a house at Bear Run, Pennsylvania
perched over a stream he jumped on the opportunity thinking this was the best
place to combine nature and his work. This house came out perfectly that it looks
like it belongs in the woods at Bear Run. Today, this is the most famous in
America and gained the title Fallingwater because of the natural waterfall flowing
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through the living room. The structure is believed, by many, to be the greatest
work of Wright, and also the most incredible example of how architecture
integrates itself with nature to the end result that it alters next to nothing in the
surrounding environment, and somehow, through incredible design, brings the
environment into the house. The grounds surrounding the house consist of acres of
rock and acid earth, second growth trees and flowing streams. The house reflects
the rough shape and angles of the Appalachian Mountains. Wright incorporated
the environment as a key element of Fallingwater. As a result, natures forceful
splendor, and self renewing fascination have become associated with the house
Frank Llloyd Wright tried his best to build Fallingwater as in tone with
nature as possible. According to Peter Blake:
The Kaufmann house built for the head of a Pittsburgh department store, is
probably the most poetic statement Wright ever made and the most complete
statement of his romantic beliefs. Here all the ancient, atavistic elements
have been invoked to create a temple dedivcated to nature: teh rocky ledge
on which the house rests; teh massive boulder that is allowed to penetrate the
of the living area to form the hearth; the fire at the center of the house; the
waterfall below; and the great, sweeping cantilevers, almost incredible in
there daring, that extend from this core of rock, fire, and water and thus
carry the eye to the landscape beyond. (358)
Wright tries hios best to presserve nature by using rocks in the floor, a waterfall
beneath the living area, and staining wood instead of painting it to bring out its
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The front ddor of Fallingwater is casual however you walk past a liitle
square pool with a narrow stream piddling from the house into it, and into the
mouth of a tiny cave, closed off only by a glass door, then flows to the Great Room.

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The largest cantilever carries a lairlike living room where a big boulder emerges
out of the flagstone floor beside the fireplace (Marin 223). It was said that Mr.
Kaufman brought Wright out to show him the area and told him that the stone
Wright used by the fireplace was his favorite place to sit and take a look a natue.
So Wright designed it as teh core of the house, and topped it with a tall stone
fireplace. The chimney rises through the house like a big mast, and all the other
fireplaces in the house feed into this massive stone tower.
The house is really like a big rock, it was a series of overlapping concrete
trays sets into a wooded slope and anchored to the underlying rock
(Wiseman 191). Each of the three floors is a deck, with both sheltered space
indoors and, ledgelike terraces of concrete cantilevered out over the waterfall
overlapping one other (Marin 223). The lower deck is the Great Room and the
kitchen, the middle deck is the master and guest bedrooms, and the upper deck is
where the son of Mr Kaufman stayed. Each door in the house was a single slab a
wood stained to bring out the original color. Wright uses a special kind of wood on
these doors ones that were built by a shipbuilding company that were resistant to
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In the Great Room, all interior corners are dissolved in glass, all interior
spaces extend across broad balconies into the landscape (Blake 158). There are
walls of glass with normal windows. The ceiling is cantilevered with no supporting
uprights, so the windows drape like a cutrain dividing each room from its terrace.
In the Great Room the windows dont have any framing. Its just glass meets glass
as you look out the window to the bueatifull view below. Wright embrced the
setting producing a work of architecture so compelling in its enitivity to both form
and nature that it has become one of the classics of maodern architecture


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