Euthanasia

Euthanasia To Live or Not to Live The beliefs and views of our country are sometimes hypocritical and unjust. We have been educated with the idea that killing people is against our morality as well as our religious beliefs. However, there seems to be some instances when this rule does not apply. If one kills another in self-defense it is considered bravery, if a soldier kills an enemy in war it is considered courageous and honorable. On contrary, relieving a patients pain and desperate suffering by ending a patients life turns out to the human morality.

The decisions that people make are always up for debate by anyone who has an opinion one way or another. The controversial issue of euthanasia has been going on for decades and as of nowadays, there is no end in sight. There are many views on the topic of euthanasia, some believe that decisions should be made of the patients best interest, while others insist that men have the responsibility to prolong others lives. Both sides have their own ideas to base upon, and this contradiction has brought along the topics for discussions. Some people believe that a person with an incurable disease or severe disability that turns life into pain or so burden that a meaningful and desirable existence has ceased, then this person should be allowed to die. Another argument is that the role of the physician is to do whatever is best for their patients. This could turn out to be a case in which a patient awaiting for death soon may be considered for euthanasia.

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The job of a physician should always be to help their patient in any way possible. Its the duty as a professional to heal, prolong life, and to reduce suffering. In some extreme cases when every other alternative is hopeless, the best that a physician can do would be to help a person hasten death in order to relieve the unnecessary suffering they would have to go through. Another argument supporting the use of euthanasia is that everyone would benefit if it were legal to show mercy when death becomes preferable over life. With that in mind one must look at the families and loved ones of those who wish to end their extreme suffering. This feeling of helplessness and despair would almost be unimaginable.

Making anyone watch this while hoping for a quick end to his or her loved one’s suffering, would be wrong in itself. While the views of many people may be against the use of euthanasia, it sad to say that in all actuality it goes on almost everyday. Many people have heard of doctors who report that they have given heavy doses of morphine to relieve the pain and suffering of patients who are near an inevitable death. While doing this, the doctors know perfectly well what the ending result will be, to hasten death. Somehow this is right, since the goal of this is to ease the pain and not actually to kill the patient.

But would it not also be right to do the very same thing with the goal of hastening death? On the other hand, there are many more people who believe that euthanasia is wrong. The groups that are fighting against the legalization of euthanasia are conservative religious groups, medical associations, and groups concerned with disabilities. The religious groups feel that it is God’s place to decide the time and place of a person’s death, not your own. They feel that if someone goes against Gods will, they are playing God. In that case on emust then reconsider the use of medication and treatment, because it is God’s will for that person to die.

Anyone who makes this claim from a religious point of view must state when human action is supposed to encroach on divine power. The Medical associations have their own arguments against euthanasia. They believe that the Hippocratic Oath expressly forbids the giving of deadly medicine to anyone for any reason. Although the American Medical Association has condemned physician-assisted suicide as an unethical practice, the majority of doctors in some areas are in favor of this practice in extreme circumstances. They also agrees that in some cases a misdiagnosis could occur or a possible cure could be found.

In this case, the physician would want to extend their patient’s life as long as possible. Another argument is that doctors might consider euthanasia as an alternative, thus becomes less obligated in doing their best in prolonging patients life. For the groups concerned with the disabled, theyre afraid that as euthanasia becomes more common, doctors might eventually allow the killing of the handicapped or even the elderly. These concerned people think that without serious awareness, problems may arise sooner or later. These three groups have come up with there own defenses regarding the banning of euthanasia.

Other people who are also against assisted suicide have their own beliefs on the matter. Some people believe that regardless of the justification one may have, no one has the right to take away others live through active or passive practice of euthanasia. The emotional effects including depression, guilt, and some other results could last for years. How, then, would it justify for a person assisting suicide to be burdened with painful distress? At this point in time, the debate on the issue of euthanasia is ongoing, and will continue to be as long as people stand by their own personal beliefs. If a patient wishes to end his or her own life with the help of another person, no one can judge them for choosing one way or another not knowing exactly what they are going through. Yet, if someone does choose to die, this person must determine if it is fair and just to ask someone to do such a life-altering task, while possibly causing serious emotional damage to all of the people around them.

Social Issues Essays.

Euthanasia

Outline
The argument comes down to whether a patient has the legal right to ask their doctor to help them die when the end of life is near and the suffering is severe. I believe that if a person is terminally ill, and is in immense amounts of pain, that it is their legal right, to end their life prematurely, with their doctor’s assistance.


I.The different types of euthanasia
A.Passive euthanasia: acceleration of death by the removal of life support
B.Active euthanasia: a doctor directly assists in the death of a person
C.Physician Assisted Suicide: physician supplies the resources for committing suicide
II.An example of euthanasia
A. Article, “It’s Over Debbie”
III.Legalization of euthanasia
A.Euthanasia is legal in Japan, the Netherlands, and Oregon
B.Bills to make euthanasia have been denied in the United States
IV.Netherlands guidelines for euthanasia
A.It must be voluntary
B.Requests must not be made on impulse or based on depression
C.The pain must be considered unacceptable suffering
D.A second opinion must be had
E.A well documented report must be written by the doctor
V.Religious aspects of euthanasia
A.Conservative group beliefs vs. liberal group beliefs
B.What God says about euthanasia
VI.Survey of terminally ill cancer patients
A.Cancer patients are the largest group to accept euthanasia
VII.When euthanasia is used
A.Only with people who are terminally ill and who are suffering
VIII.My opinion on euthanasia
A.A person has the freedom to choose what they do with their life
B.Euthanasia is not suicide
C.It is the patients free will to decide how their life is ended
Whether to permit euthanasia is among the most argumentative legal and public policy questions in America today. The argument comes down to whether a patient has the legal right to ask their doctor to help them die when the end of life is near and the suffering is severe. I believe that if a person is terminally ill, and is in immense amounts of pain, that it is their legal right, to end their life prematurely, with their doctor’s assistance.

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The word euthanasia originated from the Greek language: “eu means good’ and thanatos means death'” (Article, “Euthanasia”). The meaning of the word is “the intentional termination of life by another at the explicit request of the person who dies.” (Article, “Euthanasia”). When people hear the word euthanasia they usually think its meaning is either the termination of life at the patient’s request, or as the Nazi extermination program of murder.

Passive euthanasia is the acceleration of death for a person by removing some form of support and letting nature take its course. An example of passive euthanasia is the removal of life support, (a respirator) and therefore allowing a person to die. This procedure is performed on people with massive brain damage who are in a coma and cannot possibly regain consciousness.
Active Euthanasia is where a person asks a doctor to directly assist them in dying. These patients are usually terminally ill, and suffering tremendously, and they want a quick, painless exit from life. A famous promoter of this is Dr. Jack Kevorkian, a Michigan physician. He claims to have assisted in more than 130 suicides. His method is to inject a controlled substance into a patient, therefore causing death.

Physician Assisted Suicide, or voluntary passive euthanasia, is where a physician supplies the resources for committing suicide to a person, so that they can terminate their own life. The physician will usually give a prescription for a lethal dose of sleeping pills, or a supply of carbon monoxide gas. Dr. Kevorkian has also used this method, he provides a f
In 1992, the Journal of the American Medical Association printed an anonymous article entitled “It’s Over Debbie.” The article describes how the author administered a lethal injection to a terminally ill cancer patient, whom he had never met. Since it was anonymous, we don’t know if it was a true story, or if it was fabricated to open the people’s eyes to what euthanasia is.
e the first state in the United States to legalize euthanasia. Many states, including Arizona, California, Michigan, and Rhode Island, have introduced bills to legalize euthanasia, but so far none have passed.

The Netherlands has the most liberal euthanasia guidelines of anywhere that it is legal. The following are the guidelines that must be followed: the patient must make the request voluntarily and not under the pressure from others. Requests will not be excepted if made on impulse or if based on depression. Also the patient must be experiencing a pain that is considered unbearable. There must also be a second opinion by another physician. And lastly a report must be written describing the patient’s history, and why the decision was made.
A number of religious organizations have issued statements on euthanasia declaring where they stand on the issue. Official church policies usually oppose euthanasia. Conservative religious groups tend to be vocal in their opposition to euthanasia. The Roman Catholic Church is strongly against the legalization euthanasia. Liberal religious groups like, Methodists, Presbyterians, and Quakers, tend to lean in favor of the individuals right to choose.
Conservative religious groups say that euthanasia violates a person’s natural desire to live, and also that life is a gift from God, and only God should be allowed to end that life. They also say that God will not give a person anything that they cannot handle, and that suffering is a punishment for one’s sins.

Recently Keith G. Wilson, PhD, from The Rehabilitation Centre, Ottawa, Canada surveyed 70 terminally ill cancer patients. 73% of the patients said that euthanasia should be legalized because of the pain and their right to chose. 58% said that in the near future they would, most likely, want to make a request for an accelerated death. “They felt more hopelessness and they had more desire to die.” (Cancer Weekly)
Euthanasia is only to be used with people that have no hope, and no desire to live anymore, it is both physical and mental. Euthanasia would be used for a person who just simply wants to die with dignity before they become very sick. The people that would fall into this group are people who have the diseases Multiple Sclerosis, AIDS, Alzheimer’s, etc. They don’t want to prolong the inevitable, and be in pain for an unknown time period.

I think that a person has the freedom to choose what they do with there life. And if that person is terminally ill, and is in so much pain that they cannot function as they did before the illness, they have the right to end their life in a dignified manor. I am not a supporter of suicide, but I do not think that euthanasia is a form of suicide. It is a way to die without suffering. Not just anyone is able to die by euthanasia, there are strict guidelines that must be followed, and only those that fit the description are allowed to follow through with it. Again it is by the patients free will to choose this way to end their life, and no one else’s!

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