Who is Ernest Hemingway? Ernest Hemingway was born in Oak Park, Illinois, an
upper-middle-class suburb of Chicago(“Ernest Hemingway”par 4). He was born in the front
bedroom of grandfather Ernest Hall’s house at eight o’clock A.M., July 21, 1899. His parents
were Dr. Clarence Edmonds and Grace Hall Hemingway. Ernest was the second child and his
sister, Marcelline, was born eighteen months earlier. He also had two other siblings. Carol
was born July 19, 1911, in the southwest bedroom of Windemere Cottage.
Leicester Clavence Hemingway was born on April 1, 1915. He was soon named the Pest.
Ernest was proud to have a little brother.
In the spring of 1911, Hemingway attended Holmes Grammer School. Teachers there
praised him for a story called “My first Sea Voyage”. Although Ernest didn’t admit it in
school, the story was based almost identical to his uncle’s childhood experience.
In the fall of 1913, Ernest entered Oak Park and River Forest Township High School,
which had just been relocated in a new four-story building(“Ernest Hemingway: The Life and
the Legend” par 6). He enjoyed science but had trouble with Latin. The English club room
was his favorite spot in the school. There, under a beam ceiling, Ernest discovered the
Ernest was one of the shortest boys in the school. Even though the football coach
wouldn’t let him try out for the team, he was extemely good at the rifle range. So good, he
could even out shoot most of his classmates despite a weak left eye.
After he graduated from Oak Park High School in 1917 he was given a junior position
on the Kansas City Star, a leading newspaper of the period(“Ernest Hemingway” par 3).
Hemingway was married four times. In September 3, 1921, he married Hadley
Richardson. They divorced March 10, 1927. Shortly after in May of 1927, he married his
second wife Pauline Feiffer. This marriage ended November 4, 1940. Only seventeen days
later he got married again! This time to Marth Gellhorn. They divorced December 21, 1945.
Finally, his fourth wife was Mary Welgh. They married March 14, 1946.
Ernest published his first book in 1923. It was called “Three Stories and Ten Poems”.
Years later, his final book “The Snows of Kilimano”, was published in 1961.
In The Sun Also Rises, Jake Barnes is both disillusioned and emasculated as a result of
the war and he establishes his own code of behavior because he no longer believes in the
dictutes of society. This is one of many themes in his books.
Although he published many books Ernest didn’t persue a higher education in college.
He did join the Army, and wrote many books while enlisted.
Hemingways characters are very much like himself. For example, Nick Adams, a
character that spent much of his early youth in the Michigan woods. He was in early stories
set in Michigan, such as “Indian Camp”, “The Three-Day Blow”, and “The Doctor and the –
Doctor’s Wife”. These stories introduce Nick as a vulnerable adolesent attempting to
understand a brutal, violent, and confused world. Nick appears tough and insensitive.
In “The Old Man and the Sea”, Hemingway turned from the theme of love and war to
focus on a lone fisherman’s struggle to capture a large marlin(“Ernest(Miller)Hemingway”
Hemingway has an unique style when writing. He is a sensitive and dedicated artist.
His writings are mostly simple. Most of his characters was assumed as “real” people. His
stories directly correspond with his personal life.
Hemingway was given many awards. When Ernest was awarded the Nobel Prize for
Literature, the Swedish Academy commented on the central themes of his work
(“Ernest(Miller)Hemingway” par1). in 1953 he was awarded the Pulitzer Prize, for
“The Old Man and the Sea”. The same year as when he was given the Nobel Prize. He also
recieved an Award of Merit from American Academy of Art and Letter in 1954.