Edgar Allan Poe

What Goes Around Comes Around
In his story “The Black Cat,” Edgar Allan Poe dramatizes his experience with madness,
and challenges the readers suspension of disbelief by using imagery in describing the plot
characters. Poe uses foreshadowing to describe the scenes of sanity versus insanity. He
writes “for
the most wild yet homely narrative which I am about to pen, I neither expect nor illicit
belief. Yet
mad I am not- and surely do I not dream,” alerts the reader about a forthcoming story that
will test
the boundaries of reality and fiction. The author asserts his belief of the activities
described in the
story when he states “to-morrow I die, and to-day I would unburden my soul”(80).
Poe describes his affectionate temperament of his character when he writes “my
tenderness of heart was even so conspicuous as to make me the jest of my
companions”(80). He
also characterizes his animal friends as “unselfish” and their love as “self-sacrificing”
to the readers his devotion to them for their companionship. The author uses
foreshadowing in the
statement “we had birds, goldfish, a fine dog, a rabbit, a small monkey, and a cat”(80).

The use
of italics hints to the reader of upcoming events about the cat that peaks interest and
Poe also describes a touch foreshadowing and suspension of disbelief when he illustrates
wives response to the cat when he writes “all black cats are witches in disguise, not that
she was
ever serious upon this point-and I mention the matter at all for no better reason than it
just now, to be remembered”(80).
Poe expresses his early attachment to the cat and dramatizes the character changes he
experiences when he writes “our friendship lasted, in this manner, for several years,
during which
my general temperament and character-through instrumentality of the Fiend
Intemperance-had (I
blush to confess it) experienced a radical alteration for the worse”(81). He warns the
reader of
new events in a cynical tone and implies the beginning of the madness he denies. Poe first
illustrates this madness when he uses imagery to describe the brutal scene with the cat
when he
writes “I took from my waistcoat-pocket a pen knife, opened it, grasped the poor beast by
throat, and deliberately cut one of its eyes from the socket!”
The author describes his emotional and physical state of being during the unthinkable act
as “I blush, I burn, I shudder, while I pen the damnable atrocity”(81). He describes the
aftereffect of his actions when he states “when reason returned with the morning-when I
had slept
off the fumes of the night’s debauch-I experienced a sentiment half of horror, half of
remorse, for
the crime of which I had been guilty; but it was, at best, a feeble and equivocable feeling,
and the
soul remained untouched”(81). Now Poe implies to the readers that he has truly crossed
over into
madness by brutally attacking the animal and feeling little or no remorse.
Next Poe dramatizes his change in character even further when he writes “and then came,
as if to my final and irrevocable overthrow, the spirit of PERVERSENESS,”(81) which once
again alerts the reader of new events so shocking that reading forward becomes an
The author illustrates a scene so outrageous that the reader has to go beyond the
suspension of
disbelief they have agreed to participate in. He writes “One morning, in cold blood, I
slipped a
noose about its neck and hung it to the limb of a tree;-hung it with tears streaming from
my eyes,
and with the bitterest remorse at my heart;-hung it because I knew that it had loved me,
because I felt it had given me no reason of offense;-hung it because I knew that in so I
committing a sin-a deadly sin that would jeopardize my immortal soul as to place it-if such
a thing
were possible- even beyond the reach of the Most Merciful and Most Terrible God”(81-82).

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Now the reader has crossed over the line of reality versus fiction. The author continues to
illustrate the inconceivable story when he describes the scene after the fire that destroyed
part of the house except the one wall that was still standing. Poe writes “I approached and
saw, as
if graven in bas-relief upon the white surface the figure of a gigantic cat and there was a
around the animals neck,”(82) leading the readers to join the madness and believe that
this was the
same cat that Poe had savagely destroyed earlier that same day.
The author describes his need to replace the animal in order to feel peace and after doing
so, he finds himself once again feeling a abhorrence toward the animal. He writes “but
gradually-very gradually- I came to look upon it with unutterable loathing, and to flee
from its odious presence, as from the breath of a pestance”(83). Poe uses imagery to
describes his
disgust with the cat when he states “that like Pluto, it also had been deprived of one of its
eyes,”(83) he now wanted to destroy this animal as well. Poe illustrates the change of
character he
has experience since the beginning of the story only now he has gone beyond the madness
that has
consumed him many times. He writes “evil thoughts becomes my sole intimates-the
darkest and
most evil of thoughts”(84).
The author uses more imagery when he writes the final abominable act of evil. Poe
confesses to the reader about the murder of his wife when he states “goaded by the
into a rage more than demoniacal, I withdrew my arm from her grasp and buried the ax in
brain”(84). He explains how he disposes of the body in detail and describes the relief he
when he writes “I soundly and tranquilly slept; aye, slept even with the burden of murder
upon my
soul”(85). Poe informs the reader of his little remorse when he states” my happiness was
and the guilt of my dark deed disturbed me but little”(85).
The author leads the reader to the final plateau of suspension when he dramatizes the
conclusion of the story. He explains the sounds he heard in detail when the mystery
regarding the missing cat he had not seen or heard from since the murder. He writes “like
sobbing of a child, and then quickly swelling into one long, loud, and continuous scream,
anomalous and inhuman-a howl-a wailing shriek, half of horror and half of triumph, such
as might
have arisen only out of hell, conjointly from the throats of the damned in their agony and
demons that exult in the damnation”(85). Poes use of descriptive details allows the reader
to feel
the horrifying experience of a man who believed he was free from the evil of madness.

Poe ends
the story after utilizing every inch of suspension of disbelief the reader can afford. He
sums up the
plot of the story when he writes “the hideous beast whose craft had seduced me into
murder, and
whose informing voice had consigned me to the hangman,” (85) implying that the cat had
the same torture on him that he had brought on the first cat.

Edgar Allan Poe

Edgar Allan Poe
Edgar Allan Poe, the first master of the short story, had written many short stories from mysteries to morbidity. Edgar was born on January 19,1809 in Boston, Massachussettes. Edgars Parents, David and Eliza, were both in the acting business. Poe also had a sister, who is rarely spoken of. When Edgar was young his father fleed from the family, leaving Edgar, his mother, and sister alone. At the age of two Edgar’s mother died of tuberculosis. Edgar was then placed in a foster home with John and Fanny Allan.
When Edgar was fifteen he had enough stories written to publish a book, but his foster father would not allow it. In 1826 Edgar enrolled into the University of Virginia. He wanted to become a translator. The life at the University of Virginia was very disturbing, there were many accounts of violence such as; riots, fighting, and murders. By the end of the year Edgar was in debt from gambling, exceeding two-thousand five-hundred dollars. When Poe went back to Richmond, Virginia, where John lived for the summer, he expected his father to pay his debts, but his father made him work to pay his debts.
In 1827 Edgar moved out of the Allan house to Boston, Massachussettes. Edgar then published his first book Tamerline and Other Poems . In 1827 Edgar joined the U.S. Army where he stayed for two years. In 1829 Edgar wrote his second book Aarat, Tamberline, and Other Poems by Edgar Allan Poe. John Allan disowned Edgar because he did not keep up on his duties at West Point, and was told he did not live up to his expectations as a proper son. Edgar married his cousin, Virginia Clemm, whom Edgar had been living with. Virginia was only thirteen when they got married. Ten years after their marraige, Virginia died from the same desease as his mother, tuberculosis. Meloncoly became Edgar.
Edgar started using drugs, in which he thought would make him feel better. He took opium, laundiam, and morphine. While using drugs he also drank continuosly. Edgar had alot of trouble trying to stop drinking, but nothing helped and he continued to drink. Edgar’s nervous system was at a low point, in which he had day-mares of the army trying to capture him, so he disguised himself, clearly this was from a mental illness. Edgar had a lot more mental discomforts following him, some lead him to near suicidal. Poe was brought to the Washington Hospital of Baltimore, on October 6, 1849 after he was found lying in the road with his clothing ripped and still semi-conscious. He then said aloud, his final poem.”Father I firmly do believe I know, for death who comes for me from the regions of blast afar where there is nothing to deceive hath left his iron gates ajarand rays of truth you cannot see are flashing through eternity.” The next morning Edgar Allan Poe passed away from Lobar Pneumonia which was complicated by depression. Edgar’s story “The Raven” was coincidently they way Edgar felt during his depression. “Into darkness and nothing more”, was a quote from “The Raven” which is where Edgar eventually ended, in darkness-and nothing more.


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