Death Of A Salesman: Willy Lowman

Word Count: 1011Willy’s Escape
No one has a perfect life. Everyone has conflicts that they must
face sooner or later. The ways in which people deal with these personal
conflicts can differ as much as the people themselves. Some insist on
ignoring the problem as long as possible, while some attack the problem to
get it out of the way. Willy Lowman’s technique in Arthur Miller’s play
Death of a Salesman, leads to very severe consequences. Willy never really
does anything to help the situation, he just escapes into the past, whether
intentionally or not, to happier times were problems were scarce. He uses
this escape as if it were a narcotic, and as the play progresses, the reader
learns that it can be a dangerous drug, because of it’s addictiveness and
it’s deadliness.
The first time Willy is seen lapsing off into the past is when he
encounters Biff after arriving home. The conversation between Willy and
Linda reflects Willy’s disappointment in Biff and what he has become, which
is, for the most part, a bum. After failing to deal adequately with his
feelings, he escapes into a time when things were better for his family. It
is not uncommon for one to think of better times at low points in their life
in order to cheer themselves up so that they are able to deal with the
problems they encounter, but Willy Lowman takes it one step further. His
refusal to accept reality is so strong that in his mind he is transported
back in time to relive one of the happier days of his life. It was a time
when no one argued, Willy and Linda were younger, the financial situation
was less of a burden, and Biff and Happy enthusiastically welcomed their
father back home from a long road trip. Willy’s need for the “drug” is
satiated and he is reassured that everything will turn out okay, and the
family will soon be as happy as it was in the good old days.

The next flashback occurs during a discussion between Willy and Linda.

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Willy is depressed about his inability to make enough money to support his
family, his looks, his personality and the success of his friend and
neighbor, Charley. “My God if business doesn’t pick up , I don’t know what
I’m gonna do!” (36) is the comment made by Willy after Linda figures the
difference between the family’s income and their expenses. Before Linda has
a chance to offer any words of consolation Willy blurts out “I’m Fat. I’m
very–foolish to look at, Linda” (37). In doing this he has depressed
himself so much that he is visited by a woman with whom he is having an
affair. The woman’s purpose in this point of the play is to cheer him up.

She raises his spirits by telling him how funny and loveable he is, saying
“You do make me laugh….And I think you’re a wonderful man.” (38). And
when he is reassured of his attractiveness and competence, the woman
disappears, her purpose being fulfilled. Once again the drug has come to
the rescue, postponing Willy’s having to actually do something about his

The next day, when Willy is fired after initially going to ask his boss to
be relocated is when the next journey into the past occurs. The point of
the play during which this episode takes place is so dramatic that willy
seeks a big hit of the flashback drug. Such a big hit in fact, that he is
transported back to what was probably the happiest day of his life. Biff
was going to play in Ebbets field in the All-Scholastic Championship game in
front of thousands of people. Willy couldn’t be prouder of his two popular
sons who at the time had everything going for them and seemed destined to
live great, important lives, much more so than the “liked, but not well
liked” boy next door, Bernard. Willy’s dependency on the “drug” is becoming
greater by the hour, at this rate, he cannot remain sane for much longer.

Too much of anything, even a good thing, can quickly become a bad thing.

Evidence of this statement is seen during Willy’s next flashback, when the
drug he has been using for so long to avoid his problems backfires, giving
him a “bad trip”, quite possibly a side effect of overuse. This time he is
brought back to one of the most disturbing moments in his life. It’s the
day that Biff had discovered his father’s mistress while visiting him on one
of his trips to ask him to come back home and negotiate with his math
teacher to give him the four points he needed to pass math and graduate high
school. This scene gives the reader a chance to fully understand the
tension between Willy and Biff, and why things can never be the same.

Throughout the play, the present has been full of misfortune for the most
part, while the opposite is true for the past. The reader is left to wonder
when the turning point occurred. What was the earth-shattering event that
threw the entire Lowman family into a state of such constant tension? Now
that event is revealed and Willy is out of good memories to return to. With
the last hit of Willy’s supply of the drug spent, what next?The
comparison between Willy’s voyages into the past and the use of a narcotic
is so perceptible because of it’s verity. When Willy’s feeling down, or
life seems just too tedious and insignificant, or when things just aren’t
going his way, why not take a hit of the old miracle drug, memories. The
way he overuses his vivid imagination is sad because the only thing it’s
good for is enabling Willy to go through one more day of his piteous life,
full of bitterness, confusion, depression, false hopefulness, and a feeling
of love which he is trying very hard to express to his sons who seem
reluctant to accept it.


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