.. r her family. Raskolnikov despised Peter Pervich for who he was and forbid such a marriage. He loathed the fact of his sister marrying to help him and his mother. “This marriage shall never take place while I live, and Mr. Luzhin may go to the devil.” (Dosteovsky 37) Adding to his hatred was the allegation and set up of Sonya. Raskolnikov realized that Petrovich’s reasoning behind his scheme was to indeed infuriate his mother and sister.
Peter knew that Dunya and her mother would be furious with Raskolnikov if they believed that the money they sent him went not to Marmeladov’s funeral, but to Sonya herself. This sneaky, deliberate motive enraged his hatred to unspeakable terms. The three occurrences of evil seem to the naked eye as a muted or lower form of evil. Yet indeed these instances portray large means of evil. Society has set them on a smaller scale viewing them as persay “not that bad.” On the contrary, a more wicked type has been made to seem more punishable.
The form is radical evil. Radical evil explains a physically vicious, violent side to evil. “It applies to immoral behavior so persuasive in a person or a society that scruples and constraints have been utterly abandoned.” (Shattuck 76) Murder, torture, and genocide all relate to Raskolnikov in it’s most prevalent sense. “The ultimate motive as unrestrained power based on force, not on law.” (Shattuck 76) The common man sees this as the ugliest and unforsaken category of evil. The radical evil in Crime and Punishment shows forth strongest in Raskolnikov. One of these occurrences entails Raskolnikov committing a crime and the other happens subconsciously.
Although it’s a dream, Raskolnikov’s dreams go beyond the common mans’. They all involve extreme violence, bringing it almost to reality. “The character lives a furtive nightmare existence, whereas their dreams are so sharply accurate as to be mistaken for real experiences.” (Mortimer 654) Raskolnikov felt a powerful urge as he left the pawnbrokers flat one day. That feeling was curiosity placed on a dark side. He began to plot the murder of the old woman.
first obtaining an ax, and then setting a time and place. Once decided, he proceeded to brutally beat the old woman to death with the ax. “Then he struck her again and yet again, with all his strength, always with the blunt side of the axe, and always on the crown of the head. Blood poured out as if from an overturned glass and the body toppled over on it’s back. (Dosteovsky 74) A short time after the old woman died, her younger sister walked in, in which Raskolnikov reacted to split her head for the sake of no witnesses. Two murders were fiercely committed for the sake of simple curiosity.
Preceding these murders Raskolnikov dreamt a horrible detailed nightmare. The scene included a young boy watching an old mare being savagely beaten by a group of peasants. The main character of the dream, Mikolka, basically represented Raskolnikov subconsciously. Mikolka was upset that the mare wouldn’t gallop; for the horse was old, decrepit and could barely walk. Knowingly, Mikolka and his crew whipped the horse mercilessly, becoming wilder and angrier as the beating persisted. “Mikolka lost his temper and began raving blows on the little mare in a passion of anger, as if he really expected her to gallop.” (Dosteovsky 54) The horse showered in it’s own blood, finally died The murder of the two women and the beating of the horse show wicked, bone chattering, pure evil. The taking of life unfortunately is and has always been the way in which radical evil has commonly occurred. What makes evil essentially radical is not the motive involved, but the post-motive actions of the culprit.
A being’s personal characteristics hold strong responsibility for the evil actions committed. Their attitude feeds toward the reason for the malignancy when it is expressed. A wicked attitude one might pervay before and/or after the sin is committed, sometimes is more baneful and frightening than the action itself. This attitude is categorized as metaphysical evil. In other terms metaphysical evil is the designated attitude of assent and approval toward moral and radical evil.
(Shattuck 76) This “face” behind the evil is usually motivated by a feeling of superior human will and power. Crime and Punishment portrays metaphysical evil at its darkest points. Raskolnikov reveals this evil in his conscience and subconscience mind as in the radical form. The murder of the two woman also convey’s Raskolnikov’s metaphysically evil side. When the beating of the old woman was finished and he was rummaging through her room this form faced forth. “He was even laughing at himself into his mind, the idea that perhaps the old woman was still alive and might yet recover consciousness.” (Dosteovsky 74) The basic point of Raskolnikov laughing for any reason at such a time displays his metaphysical evil. The obvious fear and disgruntlement evoked in the readers mind ultimately supports that fact.
Raskolnikov also expresses this misery in his dream that entailed the ghastly beating of the horse. “Suddenly there was a great explosion of laughter that drowned everything else.. Even the old man could not help laughing.” Dosteovsky 54) These men were not only torturing the helpless animal, but were enjoying it too. The laughter created during the peasants’ gruesome antics was brought by the metaphysical turpitude lurking in Raskolnikov’s head. Moral, radical, and metaphysical categories of evil breakdown one’s reasoning to better support the argument of nature versus nurture.
Crime and Punishment has shown that evil in man is inherent and is brought in no other way. Yes indeed society can initially bring the evil, but impart can not “plant the seed.” Curiosity and desire lie within every creature, and are also two of the simplest forms of evil. What some today don’t realize are the particular universal actions and ideas, of people are themselves purely evil. The customary human desire for sexual actions displays this. Sex is an action induced by lust.
Lust is a primary moral evil. Every creature contains this feeling, and whether they decide to express it is influenced by their environment. Raskolnikov was curious to find what is like to commit murder. His personality and attitude coerced him into action. The personality he attributed was swayed by his environment, but yet something must have been there to be vacillated. What, that is influenced in a man can be compared to a seed.
The larger the seed of evil in a creature, the more chance it has to grow to sinister levels. In a sense, one might only reveal it with lust, while another is murdering numerous individuals. That statement exhibits the point at which one’s environment takes over. Therefore proving that an inevitably “good” creature is labeled that way because that creature is winning the battle against his own evils. and attitude coerced him into action.
The personality he attributed was swayed by his environment, but yet something.