Capitalism In America Capitalism in America Capitalism is the complete separation of economy and state, similar to the separation of church and state. The theory of capitalism is based on the private ownership of the means of production, which would equal a completely uncontrolled and unregulated economy where all land is privately owned, only an aspect of that premise is based on individual rights. Capitalism recognizes that each individual person is the owner of their own life and has the right to live it fully to their on personal manner and long as he doesnt dictate or violate others. The American South had a social system, which was distinct in many ways. There was an economy relative to the region, where class structure and a system of racial difference which caused the South to become unique to the rest of the nation.
Historians such as James Henretta have said that Capitalism was the cause of all evil within the American South. American Capitalism defined by Max Weber is a greed forgone, and acquisition by force, .. whether directly in war or in the form [of] exploitation of subjects. This type of lifestyle within a growing nation could not work with the gentry class which was moving into the region unless there was people to do the work on the farms for them. At first there were indentured servants, but this system of work only worked for a limited time as these servants would work their time of servitude and then leave on their own.
The American farmer in the south needed more control on their workers and needed to know that they (the workers) werent going to just leave and start up their own farm for themselves. Thus the manipulation of slave labor became the answer for capitalism, and from the use of black slave labor, tension began to rise between the slaves brought from Africa and the landholders of the South. Tension between Slaves and landowners have been strong in the South for many years, and one might say that the cause of it is the ways of which the Black slaves of plantations and farms were treated. The founders of the Carolina colonies were not only interested in the use of slaves in the solution of their labor problems of too much work not enough workers, but also they had a very big material interest. The use of slave labor, was a coerced, cash-crop system of labor from which slavery became an economic necessity because for a person who owned land they needed workers, and these workers were predominantly Negro slaves brought in sold from Africa.
To southern colonists, slavery was first an economic institution solely for the purpose of solving an economic problem, that problem – work cost too much money so the colonists implemented forced labor for economic gain. So slavery provided the basis for a special Southern economic and social life which had continued on until the Civil war. The special economic life that the people of the South lived upon was one of greed for expansion and gain. Capitalism at its best, and the Southern colonies were very good at it. Lewis C. Gray defined the southern plantation as a capitalistic type of agricultural organization in which a considerable number of unfree laborers were employed under a unified direction and control in the production of a staple crop.
The plantations were mostly one crop oriented, cotton or tobacco, and this lead to cash crops rather than supplying for the colonies themselves. The plantation gentry or Masters as they were called by the slaves, never thought of the big picture involving cash crops, only their own well being and how much money they were going to make whether physical force was used or not. Slavery and the plantation system led to agricultural methods that depleted soils and the slavery system forced the South to exploit more slave labor as a means of better production rather than the realization of worn-out lands. Such a labor system in the South aggravated and caused very deep problems between the Master and his slaves. Slavery established the basis of the planters position and power.
It measured his affluence, marked his status, and supplied leisure for social graces and aristocratic duties. The road of power in the South lay through the plantation and the Master would see to it that his or her plantation be the best. Great planters held enormous power in the southern colonies, they spent much of their free time in leisure, educational pursuits, and participation in public life; George Washington and Thomas Jefferson both were within this group of people. Most planters were also very active entrepreneurs, who would engage in quick profit type situations, which would help, them make more money on top of the plantation profits made for them by their slaves. Although their main means of money and profit was the forced labor unit of slavery on the plantations, these other quick scheme ideas forced planters into believing that slave holding was more profitable. Therefore an increase in the amount of slaves doing work on plantations was evident due to its profitability for planters and farmers and the control on labor.
Controlling labor in the South, became an entity in which no plantation could survive without. The Southern Master had many slaves who he expected to do enormous amounts of work all for the Masters gain. Consequently a capitalistic lifestyle had absorbed and encouraged slavery. The resultant fortunes, for which Planters and Farmers had flow into their pockets, were because of slavery and slave holding. A small commercial bourgeoisie was created from slavery and the ideology of capitalism was the root of construction. Perhaps if it werent for capitalism and the expansion by British gentrys slavery caused by capitalism would never have happened.
Another example of Capitalism is the Monopoly of the Microsoft Company ran by multi-billionaire Bill Gates. What first must be determined is the object of the question, How dangerous is Microsoft. There exists two chief entities as the object of the question — that of the consumers of Microsofts products and that of Microsofts competitors. A distinction must be made between these to groups when answering such a question as the one queried above. For these two groups are on opposite sides of one spectrum concerning the power and consequent danger commanded by the powerhouse Microsoft in their deals with one side or the other.
Whether a decision or action made by Microsoft is beneficial or not to one of the two does make it the true for the other. Often times quite the opposite is true. In fact most consumers barely regard Microsoft as dangerous from their viewpoint; as Microsofts ever-growing influence and affluence has only made, what the consumers see as superior, their product that much more affordable. Cries of monopolistic abuses and that Microsoft unfairly exploits its ownership of the personal computer operating system have been voiced by competitors (if surely they can be considered competitive) of this technological authority. The foremost issue as to the danger the Microsoft Corporation presents to its competitors within the PC software industry is Microsofts ownership of the base operating system, MS-DOS, of all the PCs on the market. In addition, Bill Gates, the founder and chairman of Microsoft, has done an outstanding job of hiding it behind his companys Windows software (How dangerous is Microsoft? Economist 7/8/95). Working together MS-DOS and Windows have become all but standard in four-fifths of personal computers on the market.
Because of Microsofts dominance in these two areas of personal computing the company receives an advantage that is essential in determining the danger Microsoft exhibits toward their competitors. The virtual monopoly that Microsoft possesses over the operating systems and subsequent graphical interface divulged by its ownership of the respectable modules MS-DOS and Windows. Bill Gates tightened his grasp on the industry through an ingenious deal he made with PC Producers. In the contract, Gates is guaranteed payment for every computer shipped, regardless of whether or not his operating system was installed in the computer. Thus, without paying double, the manufacturers could not install another companys operating system — therefore Microsoft was awarded a near monopoly. The title to these two programs, especially Windows, provides Microsoft with an unrestrictive and exclusive median to promote, feature, and offer its programs.
Offering its programs as pre-installed applications of Windows software allows Microsoft to seize a large portion of the software market, especially in the word-processing and spreadsheet division where Microsoft presents its Word and Excel programs. These two applications have been incorporated, along with others, into a package known as Microsoft Office. With this program, Microsoft has captured ninety percent of the that market by charging less for the package than for a single word-processor of a competitor. Furthermore, because Microsoft controls the operating system of the PC, its competitors must r …