Brave New World

Brave New World Book Report of ‘Brave New World’ By Michael Tillman Theme: The theme of Brave New World is freedom and how people want it. The people want poetry, danger, good and bad things. This novel shows that when you must give up religion, high art, true science, family, love and other foundations of modern life in place of a sort of unending happiness, it is not worth the sacrifice. These are all also distinguishing marks between humans and animals that were abolished here. In exchange, they received stability with no wars, social unrest, no poverty or disease or any other infirmities or discomforts. However, they only live with an artificial happiness, which they have been brainwashed to love since infancy.

There is no marriage, no violence or no sadness which may result in an unstable society which would threaten the totalitarian government. But the majority of the people don’t realize what they are missing as it’s never been there. It’s a society in which the human being only serves a sociological and scientifical purpose; the individual thought is overruled by one big autocratic state. Huxley is also telling us to be careful with our science, or we may end up like the Utopians, mass producing identical citizens, then brainwashing them to think alike and to think exactly what the government mandates. Exposition: In the first scene we are introduced to the futuristic world of London and how the babies are conditioned and categorized from birth.

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Then we meet some of the main characters, Bernard and Lenina who are both Alpha Plus status. It is foreshadowed that the two are going to make a trip to a Savage Reservation in New Mexico for vacation. Complications: Before Bernard and Lenina leave for the savage camp Bernard is warned by the D.H.C. that if he misbehaves outside of working hours again he would be sent to exile in Iceland. Bernard quickly develops feelings for Lenina and wants to have her for himself but in their society everyone is everybody’s and therefore love cannot exist. Once in the savage reservation Lenina is disgusted with how the people act and look.

They meet Linda Savage and her son John. They discover that John is the son of the Director and convinces him and John’s mother to return to the civilized world with them. John also falls in love with the beautiful Lenina but is ashamed to admit it. Once back in London, Bernard is faced with disgrace, for the director publicly accused him of unorthodox behavior, which is a great crime. Bernard introduces Linda and John as a counteract and the truth of the Director’s baby is announced. The director immediately resigns and disappears, as this was very embarrassing. As a result, Bernard is saved from being exiled.

John soon becomes an attraction, with which Bernard lures popular people to meet his discovery. The people come eagerly, although they didn’t exactly come to meet Bernard, who they still consider a strange ‘mistake’. Bernard’s friend Helmholtz becomes a good friend with John and they share literature with each other. The ideas John had about civilization are shattered by the lack of culture and humanity, all of which Shakespeare had taught him the value. His love for Lenina mostly disappears when she rudely offers herself to him. He wanted her for himself, and he wanted to conquer her as a lover.

He had gotten his ideas of love from reading ‘Romeo and Juliet’ and flees from her in terror when she throws herself onto him. Linda, John’s mother, is a little too overwhelmed with what she has been missing and she overdoses on ‘soma’. In the hospital John is enraged by the lack of humanity, for they show ‘their children’ the dead, to prepare them for their own death. John starts a mutiny among the workers about their weekly amount of soma, but the crowd cools down when becomes clear that they won’t get any if they don’t stop. He is arrested and led before the great Mustapha Mond where they argue over humanity and other issues.

Tests are done on John and he is eventually set free. He leaves London, to pick up his old way of life again, outside in the country. Climax: Inside his new home John whips himself trying to forget his love for Lenina and sins he has committed. But passing citizens witness this fascinating act John is doing to himself. During one of his whipping sessions he is taped and photographed by a hidden reporter in the bushes.

A movie is released of John beating himself and this causes people to start hitting each other. Soon swarms of people come to witness the savage and begin chanting that they want to see the whip in action. John takes the whip and walks toward the crowd furious just wanting to be left in peace. Resolution: The resolution comes when Lenina is lowered from a helicopter and urges John to come to her. John in his rage and with the crowd screaming we want the whip charges her like a madman and beats her to death with the whip.

He then takes ‘soma’ and falls into a deep state of mind. When he awakens from his ‘soma holiday’ he realizes what he has done and hangs himself. Characterization: Protagonist: John Savage is the main character of Brave New World. He was born and raised in the Savage Reservation in New Mexico. However, his real father was the Director of the Central London Hatchery and Conditioning.

He believes strongly in individual freedom and dispsises the civilized world and everything it stands for. John is used by Bernard to get attention and respect from his fellow alphas. He is not a dynamic character as he refuses to live under the rules of the civilized world. Antagonist: The opposing factor is the totalitarian state that rules every aspect of people’s lives. It’s a state in which people’s futures are decided and planned even before they are born in their cloned groups.

There is no space for free speech, emotion, family, and everyone is happy through ‘soma’, which gets rid of their bad thoughts and depression. They obtain control over people’s minds by brainwashing them as infants. One might be led to believe that this society is a perfect place to live, since all the inhabitants are eternally happy. However, even Utopia has problems such as racism, imperfection or indifference. This is shown by the way that Bernard is looked down upon because of his physical appearance. Minor Characters: Bernard Marx is an Alpha-plus but due to a mistake in which alcohol was added to his test tube he is physically impaired.

He is looked on upon as an outcast as a result of his difference. He is important to the novel because he introduces John to the civilized world, which brings the conflict to the story. He feels that something is missing and longs to be free and think for himself. He adores Lenina, a female worker on the same plant, in an old fashioned way, and wants her for himself. Lenina Crowne is a young beautiful girl and also an alpha-plus psychologist.

However, she believes in the way that she has been conditioned and cannot think for herself as a result. She is happy and is a perfect example of an alpha-plus. She falls in love with John but because she has an open mind towards sex, scares him away. Helmholtz Watson plays a small part in the story. He also dislikes the Utopian civilization. The problem with him is they let they him get too smart.

That led him to want a better life, a dream he felt was unobtainable in Utopia. He was one of the few people that understood John and had similar interests in literature. He is also classified as an alpha-plus. Setting: The novel is situated around six hundred thirty-two years after Ford released the T-Model automobile, or around 2535. Ford has become somewhat of a God. It is essential to the theme that it be placed in the future because of the advancement in technology and science.

Without these progressions the Utopian Society could not have been created. Diction: I thought that Aldous Huxley’s style was good and easy to understand and follow. He used descriptive words when they were needed. They gave you the illusion of being in a futuristic world. The beginning is filled with technological information mixed in with the description of the world.

The word Ford is often used instead of God and obscenities. Method of Narration: The novel is written in 3rd person omniscient and Huxley frequently uses characters to portray his thoughts about the Utopian Society. Book Reports.

Brave New World

Brave New World Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World was published in 1946. During this time, socialism and dictatorships were the concepts of the day. These governments believed that having total power would engender a perfect society. Karl Marx (Bernard Marx), Nikolai Lenin (Lenina), and Benito Mussolini (Benito Hoover) are three men who decided to pursue this concept. Through these examples of socialism and dictatorship, it is seen that having a government that completely controls a nation, will fail. Many of the ideas that these governments thought would contribute to its success were the cause of its failure.

Although technological advances, sexual promiscuity, and conformity contribute to the success of a Utopian society, those are also the reasons for its downfall. Throughout the novel, Huxley uses Bernard Marx, a young man who has been deformed by the government, to underline the idea that a Utopian society cannot exist. The advancement in technology has enabled this Utopian Society to create human life. Although everything about the society is based on technology, it remains supervised by humans. No matter how advanced this technology may be, if humans are directing it, mistakes will be made.

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“He’s so ugly!” “And then so small.”,” They say somebody made a mistake when he was still in the bottle.. and put alcohol into his blood- surrogate. That’s why he’s so stunted”. Bernard Marx was an example of human imperfection. Not because he was referred to as deformed, but because the person who was creating him messed up. Individuals were decanted according to specification so any deviation seemed to be the result of some mistake, a mistake made by a human. The outcome of what happened to Bernard forced him to see that this was one reason a Utopian Society could not exist. These technological advances weren’t advanced enough to create such a perfect society. Bernard was an example, and he was considered an outcast.

Being an outcast, Bernard would see the world differently. He knew the way everything was run, and he knew it was wrong. He noticed this in Lenina. Lenina wanted to have sex with just one person but she couldn’t .. so she didn’t.

“Everyone belongs to everyone else” was one of the World States mottoes. Sexual Promiscuity eliminates emotional Tension, by eliminating tension and anxiety the World State was able to better control its citizens. Bernard sees that, when Lenina is forced to have sex with many men, and in return, she is hurt. The fact that there is no escaping emotions, and sexual promiscuity may eliminate the tension for what is occurring now, in the long run it affects people greatly. Bernard was considered deformed as well as an outcast, and he felt emotional stress, because of this.

He was one of the few who did not conform. Conditioning did not make Bernard accept life as it was. He was not satisfied with his life and this produced a feeling of happiness. The World State sees conformity as being an aspect of a “perfect place”. There will always be someone who strays or is different.

Bernard demonstrates that a perfect society cannot be created because there is no such thing a society without fault. Apparently, if one person is able to hold on to individuality, many other people will as well. Book Reports.

Brave New World

Brave New World Brave New World George Santayana once said, “Ideal society is a drama enacted exclusively in the imagination.” In life, there is no such thing as a “complete utopia”, although that is what many people try to achieve. Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World is an attempt at a utopian society. In this brave new world, mothers and fathers and family are non-existent. Besides being non-existent, when words of that sort are mentioned, ears are covered and faces of disgust are made. In a report to the Controller, Bernard wrote,” ..

This is partly due, no doubt to the fact that he heard them talked about by the woman Linda, his m—–“(106). Words of the sort cannot even be written. Art, history, and the ability to have emotions are shunned. This utopia is shown as a perfect world in which everyone is happy. If this was true, the people would not need to take soma, an equivalent along the lines of a cross between one of today’s “designer drugs” and Prozac.

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The Director, who goes nameless for most of the story, is less important than the controller is, and he also knows less. This is shown by his shock when the Controller dares to speak about two of the forbidden topics, history and biological parents. It is believed that topics of this nature will cause this utopia to deteriorate. Once the utopia deteriorates, people are not happy all the time. Even by its own criteria though, Brave New World is not a society where everyone is in fact happy.

There are asylums in Iceland for Alpha misfits. Even in this so-called utopia, no one is perfect. Lenina has lupus and Bernard is emotionally unstable, due to a mistake in the “bottling-plant.” If a person is to run out of soma, they feel sick. It may seem to be a utopia, but in essence, brave new world is far from it. Well-being is not and can not be, genetically pre-programmed, but that is what the soma is for.

When one of the inhabitants experiences unpleasant thoughts or emotions, which supposedly do not exist anyway, they receive soma: “One cubic centimeter cures ten gloomy sentiments( ).” Although the people here are allegedly emotionless, it is shown that they are far from it. Bernard is overcome by feelings of non-conformity. He feels that people should be monogamous, he has emotions, he believes in love. Bernard loves Lenina. This is a concept, though, which is too abstract for these inhabitants to fully understand. Bernard realizes that he is not the only one that feels this way when the Director speaks of an occurrence over twenty-five years ago, which is alone, bad manners in this “utopia.” The fact that he still dreams of this occurrence shows that he was more emotion than what is “good for you” in this system.

When Bernard brings Linda and her son, John to the Director, he responds with disgust. After this, Linda’s face twists “grotesquely into the grimace of extreme grief ( )”, an emotion that is unknown to these sheltered people. It is impossible to live in a perfect society, because nothing can be forever perfect, and what is perfect for one, the Director for example, may not be perfection to another, like Bernard. In order to overcome the possibility of this happening, all must lead sheltered lives. A life without love and emotion is far from perfect though.

To combat the unhappiness, the “perfect” drug, soma is taken. Even soma is not perfect. Taken in excess, soma is lethal, and that is how Linda dies. After her death, her son commits suicide. If all were perfect, suicide would be unheard of. So once again, nothing in this brave new world is actually perfection.

There is no such thing as a utopia. A utopia cannot be achieved because nothing that is perfect for one is perfect for all, no matter how sheltered their lives may be. This brave new world may have been the idealistic society for some, but not all, because if it was what everyone wanted, it could not be overturned. This brave new world was, in fact destroyed. Love, feelings, and emotions destroyed it.

Nothing can be completely flawless, and that is why not a single utopia exists today. Book Reports.

Brave New World

Book Report of ‘Brave New World’
By Michael Tillman
Theme:
The theme of Brave New World is freedom and how people want it. The people want poetry, danger, good and bad things. This novel shows that when you must give up religion, high art, true science, family, love and other foundations of modern life in place of a sort of unending happiness, it is not worth the sacrifice. These are all also distinguishing marks between humans and animals that were abolished here. In exchange, they received stability with no wars, social unrest, no poverty or disease or any other infirmities or discomforts. However, they only live with an artificial happiness, which they have been brainwashed to love since infancy. There is no marriage, no violence or no sadness which may result in an unstable society which would threaten the totalitarian government. But the majority of the people don’t realize what they are missing as it’s never been there. It’s a society in which the human being only serves a sociological and scientifical purpose; the individual thought is overruled by one big autocratic state. Huxley is also telling us to be careful with our science, or we may end up like the Utopians, mass producing identical citizens, then brainwashing them to think alike and to think exactly what the government mandates.
Exposition:
In the first scene we are introduced to the futuristic world of London and how the babies are conditioned and categorized from birth. Then we meet some of the main characters, Bernard and Lenina who are both Alpha Plus status. It is foreshadowed that the two are going to make a trip to a Savage Reservation in New Mexico for vacation.

Complications:
Before Bernard and Lenina leave for the savage camp Bernard is warned by the D.H.C. that if he misbehaves outside of working hours again he would be sent to exile in Iceland. Bernard quickly develops feelings for Lenina and wants to have her for himself but in their society everyone is everybody’s and therefore love cannot exist. Once in the savage reservation Lenina is disgusted with how the people act and look. They meet Linda Savage and her son John. They discover that John is the son of the Director and convinces him and John’s mother to return to the civilized world with them. John also falls in love with the beautiful Lenina but is ashamed to admit it. Once back in London, Bernard is faced with disgrace, for the director publicly accused him of unorthodox behavior, which is a great crime. Bernard introduces Linda and John as a counteract and the truth of the Director’s baby is announced. The director immediately resigns and disappears, as this was very embarrassing. As a result, Bernard is saved from being exiled. John soon becomes an attraction, with which Bernard lures popular people to meet his discovery. The people come eagerly, although they didn’t exactly come to meet Bernard, who they still consider a strange ‘mistake’. Bernard’s friend Helmholtz becomes a good friend with John and they share literature with each other. The ideas John had about civilization are shattered by the lack of culture and humanity, all of which Shakespeare had taught him the value. His love for Lenina mostly disappears when she rudely offers herself to him. He wanted her for himself, and he wanted to conquer her as a lover. He had gotten his ideas of love from reading ‘Romeo and Juliet’ and flees from her in terror when she throws herself onto him. Linda, John’s mother, is a little too overwhelmed with what she has been missing and she overdoses on ‘soma’. In the hospital John is enraged by the lack of humanity, for they show ‘their children’ the dead, to prepare them for their own death. John starts a mutiny among the workers about their weekly amount of soma, but the crowd cools down when becomes clear that they won’t get any if they don’t stop. He is arrested and led before the great Mustapha Mond where they argue over humanity and other issues. Tests are done on John and he is eventually set free. He leaves London, to pick up his old way of life again, outside in

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