Art Imitating Life Imitating Art The late 1950s saw a new movement in the art world this became known as “pop art” due to the fact that the artists in this movement with this movement manly Andy Warhol and Roy Lichensten of the unites states as well as David Hockney and Derek Boshier of Great Britain, used elements of popular culture as main sources of their work. A good example of this is Warhole’s screen prints of Marilyn Manroe, where he took a famous icon of the time and used a mass production technique to make her into a work of art. Lichenstine looked at a different element of popular culture / youth culture- comic books. He used this style of painting and drawing to create a comic strip image. For example “Wham”, although looks screen-printed it was infact panted by hand dot by dot. Hockney was influenced by graffiti a part overlooked by his contemporaries, he used it in the form of messages scrawled across the background of his paintings .
Hockney said that he did this in order to make it clear to the viewer what the picture was about. Derek Boshier painted a series of pieces based on ideas he got from a toothpaste commercial. “identi-kit man” was his way of suggesting how easy it was for companies to manipulate people with the use of advertising and create mass markets. The whole ideas of pop art, as to take things from everyday life and make them into a piece of artwork. These things were those, which the people of post-war Britain were not ready to consider art in any way. There was a thing like Campbell’s soup can of Warhol, The kitchen utensils of Tom Wesselman and Richard Hamilton and child like scribbles of David Hockney.
Due to the art boom, in the 1960s and clear trends through pop art That designers were able to pick up on these and incorporate them into their work, influenced by fashion icons, movie stars, technology, and motorcars. Although the artists did have some overlapping styles, pop art focuses more on the subject and less on style, which was left up to each individual artist. The main themes that is evident in all pop art revolves around modern social values. The style in which these values were portrayed varied depending on the culture and artist. Critic Barbara Rose claimed in her review of a Pop Art show that Pop Art, I wish to disagree with the assumption that pop art is an art style.
It is not these artists are linked only through their subject matter, not through athetic similarities. This makes it possible to talk of the iconography or attitudes of Pop art, but not of Pop art as an art style, as one would speak of Baroque or Cubism. Bondo, 1998 In America, Pop Art used the images and techniques of mass media, advertising, and popular culture, often in an ironic way to play off the social issues of popular culture. The art form developed rapidly once reaching the U.S. New York City, often viewed as the epicenter of American popular culture, fostered the growth of many of the most highly regarded pop artists, including Warhol, Rosenquist, Hockney Segal and Lichtenstein. California, namely San Fransisco was recognized as the Pop Art capital of the west coast Bourdon, 1989, 12 Subject The subject of Warhol’s work revolved around various American social issues of the mid-century.
As America exited from World War II and entered the Baby Boom era, the culture had become decidedly sanitized. Some of this could be attributed to the Cold War and fear of the enemy. The flight to suburbia, mass production, conservative family values, and development of new social standards also played a major role in this Leave-it-to-Beavering of the nation. This was also the period of time where admass culture had its beginnings. Warhol played off the irony of these issues in such works as Campbell’s Soup Cans (fig1) and his famous Brillo Boxes Bourdon, 1989, 34 During the 1960’s, the nation began to see rapid changes. Fig 1 Fig 2 The space program was under way, the Vietnam war was in action, Kennedy was killed, racial equity became and issue and the hippie movement was at its peak spreading its trademark ideals of free love, drugs and music. Although Warhol continued his focus on the irony of admass culture, he began to branch out into new territory.
He began to print his Flowers series (Fig 2), which had a decidedly psychedelic flavour to them, matching the flavour of the current social scene Bourdon, 1989, 42 As the 70’s disco scene came to rise, Warhol’s work followed. Warhol himself frequented many of New York City’s hottest, most glamorous nightclubs. Studio 54, famed for its exclusivity, was one of Warhol’s favorites. It is at this period that Warhol became totally engulfed with creating works of other people, mostly celebrities. Ever since childhood, Warhol had been obsessed with celebrity life and fame.
Some of Warhol’s most famous works were of celebrities. Many were chic designers such as Halson, Diane von Fursenberg, Jean Paul Gaultier and Yves Saint Laurent Bourdon, 1989, 53 Death and disaster was also a subject that Warhol worked with, especially during the early 60’s. These subjects contrasted somewhat with his others, for they seemed to be far more gruesome and vulgar. However, it was said that these were not intentionally vulgar, but again a clip from popular culture. When confronted about the morbidity, Andy said Every time you turn on the T.V. or radio, they say something like ‘4 million are going to die’.
That started it. Warhol frequently remarked about news broadcasts that projected deaths. For example, a news program may project that 50,000 people will die in alcohol related automobile accidents. To most, it seemed as if the media were relating this as a warning. To Warhol, this was a goal to be met. Also, Warhol was obsessed with the way vulgarity looses its effect after view multiple times.
This is the reason that he multiplied car accident pictures many times. Many of his famous works, such as Car Crashes, Race Riots, Electric Chair, Suicides and Tuna Fish Disasters were gruesome in nature Bourdon, 1989, 109 Another subject that seemed to permeate his work, especially h …