Anthropology Of Capitalism For the past six hundred years a culture and a society, dedicated for the most part to development and trade as the ultimate source of well being, began to expand all over the world. In a great number of ways this development, capitalism, became the most successful culture and society the world has ever seen. Capitalism ascended as a successful social means. It was successful as it provided a more effective means of creating a surplus. This was an important feature for mankind.
It proved to be an easier and more cost effective means of creating a surplus. Capitalism also allowed for the world system to function with their own states. This system of functioning encouraged the international market economy, which in turn established the success of capitalism. Such a market bestowed incentives which increased productivity all over the globe. Simultaneously a world separation of work made it easy for costs and benefits to be unequally distributed.
The effects of such a division of labour were profound. It created a multilayered economic hierarchy. The hierarchies were divided into many sections, with each sector owning its own defining feature, and all were linked to one common feature. This was the exploitation of social classes. The wealthy employed labourers and often underpaid their labourers so that they might be able to reap maximum profits.
Such racist inequalities and exploitation were used to justify the hindered commission of the proletariat. The world system continues to undergo a cycle of expansion. This trend has gained the support it requires from the notion that all societies, in order to be successful, need to conform to a western way of life. Capitalism continues to be increasingly effective. This is largely due to the belief the workers hold that the harder they work the more the stand to gain.
Such workers also affirm that it is hard work that will grant them such wealth, often this leads tofrustration, once the worker comes realize they may never reach the status of the elite. Often times myths are used as a method of erasing such beliefs, as they do not address the real problems at hand. No matter what is done it seems there will always be a gap between the rich, or the employers, and the poor, or the employees. Bibliography Bodley, John. Cultural Anthropology.
Mayfield Publishing, Toronto, 2000.