Albert einstein 2

His Childhood Years:
Albert Einstein was born March 14, 1879, in the small town of Ulm, in Southern Germany. His parents, Hermann and Pauline, were Jewish. His father was an electrician whom also was interested in electrical inventions. However he was very unsuccessful in his business, and as soon as Albert was born, the family moved to Munich. As a child Einstein was very lonely and shy. He preferred to play with himself in the parks and the woods. He first realized the wonders of science at the age of four, when his dad introduced him to magnets and their properties. Einstein later said: ” That Experience made a deep and lasting impression on me.” Later in his life as a kid, Einstein’s uncle, Jacob, introduced him to mathematics and specifically, equations.
School was an unpleasant experience for Einstein. He was disgusted by how war strategies were taught at school and he had disgust for the military discipline that then reigned in most German schools. The teachers weren’t so happy about how Einstein was doing and once one of his teachers told him: “You know Einstein, you will never amount to anything.” At the time his family’s financial status had gone from bad to worse.

Teenage Years and Graduation:
Einstein’s relatives in Northern city of Milan in Italy, offered help to the family. At the time Einstein was at the age of fifteen when he decided to drop-out of high school and join his family to travel to Milan. However he was expelled from school by the principal; he (the principal) said:” on the grounds that his presence in the class is disruptive and affects the other students.” Albert Einstein had become a dropout. In Italy he felt free for the first time. With nobody to guide every step of his daily life, he traveled through the countryside. He visited museums and art galleries, attended concerts and lectures, and most of all, Einstein read books and more books. But his good times didn’t last long. The electrical engineering business his father had started , had encountered one setback after another. The young researcher was told to forget his “philosophical nonsense” and settle down to a “practical” life of self-support. Albert could not imagine himself doing a career with a routine office, nor he could accept a profession like his father’s. His only desire was to solve the nature of unsolved and mysterious puzzles.
Albert finally decided he needed a university education. But because he had not graduated from high school, he could not enter any university in Germany. However, in Zuncih wich is in the German speaking part of Switzerland, there was the country’s famous Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) (Eidgenossische Technische Houchschule). Einstein was sixteen at the time when he was permitted to take the examination. He failed it, not in mathematics and physics, but in botany and languages. Einstein was advised to complete his secondary education at the high school in Aarau, a small town at the border of Germany and Switzerland. There, among pleasant friends and students, Einstein finished his studies. Einstein received the diploma that opened the doors to ETH. Einstein had become a university student.

A University Student:

Einstein took his studies in university very seriously, but even the well known teachers at the university were easy for Einstein and did not help him to learn as much as he wanted to. He often cut classes and went to the library to study the works of famous physicists. Einstein’s classmate at the university, Marcel Grossman, was too kind to Albert and took all the notes to copy when he would cut classes. Eventually, Einstein graduated at the age of twenty-one from ETH. Now, it was time for Einstein to stand on his own feet and make a living. Einstein loved to teach, and several of his professors had offered him to be a lecture assistant, but when Einstein later approached them, they refused him. The reasons were unclear but he never gave up. For the next few years he taught in a technical high school, and later he became a tutor for a private school. In those years Einstein was in a good position, but when he asked his charges for a larger share of education, he lost his job. So now, the former dropout who managed to graduate from a university, was unemployed.
Marcel Grossmann, whose notes had been much help to Einstein, heard of his friend’s failures. He spoke to his father who spoke to a friend that was director of the Swiss Patent Office in Bern. The director took a shot at it, and hired the shy young man, whose wide scientific knowledge had amazed him. Einstein, finally became a patent examiner .

Einstein’s Research Papers:
In one year 1905, Einstein published four research papers, during his free time at the patent office, anyone of which would have made him a name in scientific circles. The forth paper which made Einstein famous, of course, was on what is now known as the special theory of relativity.
Employed and Famous:

In 1908 Einstein became a lecturer at the University of Bern after submitting his Habilitation thesis. The following year he become professor of physics at the University of Zurich, having resigned his lectureship at Bern and his job in the patent office in Bern.
By 1909 Einstein was recognized as a leading scientific thinker and in the same year he also resigned from the patent office. He was hired as a full-time professor at the Karl-Ferdinand University in Prague in 1911. For Einstein the year 1911 was a very significant year because he was able to make preliminary predictions about how a ray of light from a distant star, passing near the Sun, would appear to be bent slightly, in the direction of the Sun. This would be highly significant as it would lead to the first experimental evidence in favor of Einstein’s theory.
First Visit to The U.S:

In 1921 Einstein made his first visit ever to the U.S. His purpose was to raise funds for the planned Hebrew University of Jerusalem. However, he received the Barnard Medal during his visit and lectured several times on relativity. He is reported to have commented to the chairman at the lecture he gave in a large hall at Princeton which was overflowing with people:
-I never realized that so many Americans were interested in tensor analysis.

The Nobel Prize:
Albert Einstein received the Nobel Prize in 1921 for the second paper he had donein 1905 on the photoelectric effect. Einstein, in fact was not present in December 1922 to receive the prize being on a trip to Japan. During this time he made many international visits. He had visited Paris earlier in 1922 and in 1923 he visited Palestine. After making his last major scientific discovery on the association of waves with matter in 1924 he made further visits in 1925, this time to South America. Einstein’s life had been hectic and he paid the price in 1928
with a physical collapse brought on through overwork. However he made a full recovery despite having to take things easy throughout 1928.

U.S Citizen:
In 1940 Einstein became a citizen of the United States, but chose to retain his Swiss citizenship. He made many contributions to peace during his life. In 1944 he made a contribution to the war effort by hand writing his 1905 paper on special relativity and putting it up for auction. It raised six million dollars, the manuscript today being in the Library of Congress. By 1949 Einstein was unwell. A spell in hospital helped him recover but he began to prepare for death by drawing up his will in 1950. He left his scientific papers to the Hebrew University in Jerusalem, a university which he had raised funds for on his first visit to the USA.


Being Offered the Presidency of Israel:
One more major event was to take place in his life. After the death of the first president of Israel in 1952, the Israeli government decided to offer the post of second president to Einstein. He refused but found the offer an embarrassment since it was hard for him to refuse without causing offense.
Last Wishes:
One week before his death, Einstein signed his last letter. It was a letter to Bertrand Russell in which he agreed that his name should go on a manifesto urging all nations to give up nuclear weapons. It is fitting that one of his last acts was to argue, as he had done all his life, for international peace. Albert Einstein, the great theoretical physicists eventually died in Princeton on April 18, 1955.

Conclusion:
Personally, I really admire his work and that because of the effort and time he puts
into it. I think that he is a very intelligent man not only because of all he has
invented but because he knows what is wrong and write. What I mean is that for
example many say that he was a bad man because he invented the atomic bomb but what they don’t know is that he invented it not for wars and to kill people, but to help human kind. He had no idea of the harm humans would do with it. I also admire his courageous side, he never gave up even if he had been let down a few times. He ended up doing what he likes and that was what counted. What I also very much liked about him was that even though he had a hard life, he managed to pull through and become very successful. I really find it spectacular all the inventions he had made. Without his inventions human kind wouldn’t be so advanced scientifically and technologically. His discoveries have really helped man kind.

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His Childhood Years:
Albert Einstein was born March 14, 1879, in the small town of Ulm, in Southern Germany. His parents, Hermann and Pauline, were Jewish. His father was an electrician whom also was interested in electrical inventions. However he was very unsuccessful in his business, and as soon as Albert was born, the family moved to Munich. As a child Einstein was very lonely and shy. He preferred to play with himself in the parks and the woods. He first realized the wonders of science at the age of four, when his dad introduced him to magnets and their properties. Einstein later said: ” That Experience made a deep and lasting impression on me.” Later in his life as a kid, Einstein’s uncle, Jacob, introduced him to mathematics and specifically, equations.
School was an unpleasant experience for Einstein. He was disgusted by how war strategies were taught at school and he had disgust for the military discipline that then reigned in most German schools. The teachers weren’t so happy about how Einstein was doing and once one of his teachers told him: “You know Einstein, you will never amount to anything.” At the time his family’s financial status had gone from bad to worse.

Teenage Years and Graduation:
Einstein’s relatives in Northern city of Milan in Italy, offered help to the family. At the time Einstein was at the age of fifteen when he decided to drop-out of high school and join his family to travel to Milan. However he was expelled from school by the principal; he (the principal) said:” on the grounds that his presence in the class is disruptive and affects the other students.” Albert Einstein had become a dropout. In Italy he felt free for the first time. With nobody to guide every step of his daily life, he traveled through the countryside. He visited museums and art galleries, attended concerts and lectures, and most of all, Einstein read books and more books. But his good times didn’t last long. The electrical engineering business his father had started , had encountered one setback after another. The young researcher was told to forget his “philosophical nonsense” and settle down to a “practical” life of self-support. Albert could not imagine himself doing a career with a routine office, nor he could accept a profession like his father’s. His only desire was to solve the nature of unsolved and mysterious puzzles.
Albert finally decided he needed a university education. But because he had not graduated from high school, he could not enter any university in Germany. However, in Zuncih wich is in the German speaking part of Switzerland, there was the country’s famous Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) (Eidgenossische Technische Houchschule). Einstein was sixteen at the time when he was permitted to take the examination. He failed it, not in mathematics and physics, but in botany and languages. Einstein was advised to complete his secondary education at the high school in Aarau, a small town at the border of Germany and Switzerland. There, among pleasant friends and students, Einstein finished his studies. Einstein received the diploma that opened the doors to ETH. Einstein had become a university student.

A University Student:

Einstein took his studies in university very seriously, but even the well known teachers at the university were easy for Einstein and did not help him to learn as much as he wanted to. He often cut classes and went to the library to study the works of famous physicists. Einstein’s classmate at the university, Marcel Grossman, was too kind to Albert and took all the notes to copy when he would cut classes. Eventually, Einstein graduated at the age of twenty-one from ETH. Now, it was time for Einstein to stand on his own feet and make a living. Einstein loved to teach, and several of his professors had offered him to be a lecture assistant, but when Einstein later approached them, they refused him. The reasons were unclear but he never gave up. For the next few years he taught in a technical high school, and later he became a tutor for a private school. In those years Einstein was in a good position, but when he asked his charges for a larger share of education, he lost his job. So now, the former dropout who managed to graduate from a university, was unemployed.
Marcel Grossmann, whose notes had been much help to Einstein, heard of his friend’s failures. He spoke to his father who spoke to a friend that was director of the Swiss Patent Office in Bern. The director took a shot at it, and hired the shy young man, whose wide scientific knowledge had amazed him. Einstein, finally became a patent examiner .

Einstein’s Research Papers:
In one year 1905, Einstein published four research papers, during his free time at the patent office, anyone of which would have made him a name in scientific circles. The forth paper which made Einstein famous, of course, was on what is now known as the special theory of relativity.
Employed and Famous:

In 1908 Einstein became a lecturer at the University of Bern after submitting his Habilitation thesis. The following year he become professor of physics at the University of Zurich, having resigned his lectureship at Bern and his job in the patent office in Bern.
By 1909 Einstein was recognized as a leading scientific thinker and in the same year he also resigned from the patent office. He was hired as a full-time professor at the Karl-Ferdinand University in Prague in 1911. For Einstein the year 1911 was a very significant year because he was able to make preliminary predictions about how a ray of light from a distant star, passing near the Sun, would appear to be bent slightly, in the direction of the Sun. This would be highly significant as it would lead to the first experimental evidence in favor of Einstein’s theory.
First Visit to The U.S:

In 1921 Einstein made his first visit ever to the U.S. His purpose was to raise funds for the planned Hebrew University of Jerusalem. However, he received the Barnard Medal during his visit and lectured several times on relativity. He is reported to have commented to the chairman at the lecture he gave in a large hall at Princeton which was overflowing with people:
-I never realized that so many Americans were interested in tensor analysis.

The Nobel Prize:
Albert Einstein received the Nobel Prize in 1921 for the second paper he had donein 1905 on the photoelectric effect. Einstein, in fact was not present in December 1922 to receive the prize being on a trip to Japan. During this time he made many international visits. He had visited Paris earlier in 1922 and in 1923 he visited Palestine. After making his last major scientific discovery on the association of waves with matter in 1924 he made further visits in 1925, this time to South America. Einstein’s life had been hectic and he paid the price in 1928
with a physical collapse brought on through overwork. However he made a full recovery despite having to take things easy throughout 1928.

U.S Citizen:
In 1940 Einstein became a citizen of the United States, but chose to retain his Swiss citizenship. He made many contributions to peace during his life. In 1944 he made a contribution to the war effort by hand writing his 1905 paper on special relativity and putting it up for auction. It raised six million dollars, the manuscript today being in the Library of Congress. By 1949 Einstein was unwell. A spell in hospital helped him recover but he began to prepare for death by drawing up his will in 1950. He left his scientific papers to the Hebrew University in Jerusalem, a university which he had raised funds for on his first visit to the USA.


Being Offered the Presidency of Israel:
One more major event was to take place in his life. After the death of the first president of Israel in 1952, the Israeli government decided to offer the post of second president to Einstein. He refused but found the offer an embarrassment since it was hard for him to refuse without causing offense.
Last Wishes:
One week before his death, Einstein signed his last letter. It was a letter to Bertrand Russell in which he agreed that his name should go on a manifesto urging all nations to give up nuclear weapons. It is fitting that one of his last acts was to argue, as he had done all his life, for international peace. Albert Einstein, the great theoretical physicists eventually died in Princeton on April 18, 1955.

Conclusion:
Personally, I really admire his work and that because of the effort and time he puts
into it. I think that he is a very intelligent man not only because of all he has
invented but because he knows what is wrong and write. What I mean is that for
example many say that he was a bad man because he invented the atomic bomb but what they don’t know is that he invented it not for wars and to kill people, but to help human kind. He had no idea of the harm humans would do with it. I also admire his courageous side, he never gave up even if he had been let down a few times. He ended up doing what he likes and that was what counted. What I also very much liked about him was that even though he had a hard life, he managed to pull through and become very successful. I really find it spectacular all the inventions he had made. Without his inventions human kind wouldn’t be so advanced scientifically and technologically. His discoveries have really helped man kind.

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