Adventures Of Huck Finn Critics Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Twain told the truth in great novels and memoirs and short stories and essays, and he became a writer of international renown still translated into 72 languages. He became, through the written and spoken word, America’s greatest ambassador and its most perpetually quoted. Samuel L. Clemens was born in 1835 in a town called Florida, Mo., and before he became a famous writer under the pen name Mark Twain, he worked on a riverboat, as a prospector for gold, as a reporter, and at other enterprises( Twain 12). He was not a young man of excellent reputation – a conclusion reached by Jervis Langdon, an Elmira businessman who had been asked by young Sam for his daughter Livy`s hand.
Still, the marriage occurred and, shortly thereafter, in 1871, the couple moved to Hartford, renting a home in the Nook Farm neighborhood from John Hooker. They soon began construction on an eccentric and expensive mansion, where they lived for two decades. In the billiard room of this house many of the greatest books of Mark Twain were finished, among them “Tom Sawyer,” “Adventures of Huckleberry Finn,” “Roughing It,” “Life on the Mississippi,” and “A Connecticut Yankee In King Arthur’s Court.” During his two decades in Hartford, Mark Twain enjoyed the company of many good friends in his close-knit neighborhood, like William Gillette and Charles Dudley Warner, as well as frequent visitors from around the country, such as General William Tecumseh Sherman, explorer Henry Stanley, and author Bret Harte. He became a well-known public figure, often making news in the Hartford Courant ( Compton`s Encyclopedia ). Twain’s years in Hartford were perhaps among his happiest, for in addition to his literary successes it was here that he, Livy, and their three daughters, Susy, Clara and Jean were all together. Twain would eventually outlive everyone but Clara. Financial trouble hit the Clemenses in the 1880s, particularly after Twain invested hundreds of thousands of dollars in a mechanical typesetting device being developed by James Paige. The typesetter was a failure, Twain’s investment was lost, and in 1891 Twain and family left Hartford to live less expensively in Europe.
Twain is thought of today in many circles as a great humorist( Twain 25). This is, of course, true. His wit is legendary. But his work is far too complex to characterize only in that way. The writing is full of social commentary, and his voice was controversial at the time of his writings and remains so today.
Huck Finn, in some circles, is a racist book because of its repeated use of the word nigger by its characters and because of the portrayal of the slave Jim. But many scholars, including those from an African-American heritage, argue that Twain was accurate in his depiction of the times and a force for change and for understanding the horrors of slavery. Aside from his writing, Twain was also a publisher (he printed the memoirs of U.S. Grant), a much- acclaimed (and well-paid) lecturer, and an entrepreneur. It was his investment in the Paige typesetter that ultimately led to bankruptcy and forced him and Livy to close up the Hartford house and take their three daughters to Europe.
He died after Livy and two of his daughters and is buried in Elmira, where he summered throughout his life, in a grave that is marked “Samuel Langhorne Clemens — Mark Twain –1835-1910.” While it is his talent for writing that made him famous, the experiences of his earlier life play very important parts in his books. His experiences as a steam boat pilot are used in many of his books, including Huck Finn. Mark Twain is a term that he learned during his time as a river boat pilot meaning “two fathoms deep”. The renowned author`s greatest book about struggle and hopes and dreams is The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. Many would say that Huck Finn is a very troubled young boy.
. Huck’s dad brought Huck up the hard way with out a mother and instilled many of his beliefs into Huck. He passed some of these bad habits onto Huck which leads to my thesis that, Huck often finds himself in tight predicaments and being brought up the way he was, taught that lying and stealing aren’t wrong, proved very useful in getting him out of many of these predicaments. Because Huck’s father brought him up to be such a great liar and a stealer Huck has been able to escape from many close calls. So in order to escape from his fathers drunken grasps he must concoct some plan to keep his father away from him for good. Huck was brought up in an environment where he saw lying and stealing almost all the time and almost became accustomed to it, Huck himself became a liar and a stealer too.
. Huck was brought up a liar and always would be a liar no matter how hard he tried, these had become his natural instincts along with staying alive. So if Huck’s father had not brought him up the way he had and Huck had lived a proper life, a civilized one, then I do not believe that Huck would be able to survive one day in the awful cruel world he lived in. Because his father brought him up tough and strong, and defiant he survived (Twain 37 ). Huckleberry Finn and Holden Caulfield make take journey into self-discovery.
In The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Huck Finn is trying to find purpose and identity through conflicting of morals. While Holden Caulfield in Catcher in the Rye, is an adolescent struggling to find mature into manhood. In comparison, they are both on a journey towards maturity and identity. Life itself is a journey full of bonding and experiences which lead to wisdom and understanding. Without maturity one may never have these essential experiences. This leads to an empty shell of a person, never truly feeling passion, love or peace.
Huck Finn is a young boy deciding which morals to hold true. The quest for what’s right is long and confusing. During his adventure is forced to choose between his morals and his conscience. When Huck runs into the bounty hunters he is forced to make one of these decisions. He must choose whether to turn his run-away slave friend Jim as his conscience advises or to trust his morals and protect his friend in need.
Fortunately, his will is strong and he creates an elaborate lie to prevent Jim’s capture. Huck seeks refuge in nature, where right and wrong don’t exist and life’s beauty is what is truly important. He mentions that nature is peaceful and he need not worry about either his morality or conscience but is allowed to ponder these personal discrepancies. Holden Caulfield, however, has a much more complex yet equally important struggle. His struggle is of his own hypocrisy and misunderstanding.
This struggle can be overwhelming for some and it is for Holden who requires help to come to terms with maturity. Even though he is constantly speaks as if he is experienced in connection and bonding, they were always just faÿades. Holden thinks he is superior to his environment because he has a false knowledge of it and it’s workings. This is best explained by his reaction his old friend June whom he would like to have a meaningful relationship with but cant come to grips on how. Inspite of all he thinks he knows he is really only the faker he despises.
Both Huck and Holden must complete their own journey’s to become complete individuals. This journey is only a step on the staircase of life which ultimately leads to inner-peace and happiness. Each experience is unique and powerful but are essential to getting the whole picture. What Huck finally comes to terms with is that life’s questions should be answered from the heart. He also decides that humanity has evolved into a corrupt species whose ideas aren’t worth the headache. His answer is to flee society and all of it’s constraints and live in nature where he is free from civilization.
Holden has a tougher decision to make since he must completely reverse his thinking completely. The first step is to realize his hypocrisy which he was able to do but couldn’t truly solve his problem and was forced to seek professional help in the end. Fortunately, both characters ultimately progress onto the next step by some means outside the conformity of normality ( Twain 145-190). The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, essentially follows young Huck on a series of adventures and experiences with his close friend (and runaway slave), Jim, as they both escape society’s burdens. The novel, in a sense, encompasses everything good, bad and in between about and concerning the society of that time.
Some important parts of the story Huckleberry Finn are summarized as follows. The steamboat situation does two things, it expresses Mark Twain’s views of the Romantics, and furthers Huckleberry Finn’s development. The steamboat is called the Walter Scott. This is significant, as there was an author of the same name who wrote literature in the Romantic style. The steamboat, is therefore symbolic for the ending of the movement, and as it sinks, Realism takes its place( Twain 45).
Huck also shows development of character in tricking the watchman into going back to the boat to save the criminals. Even though they were thieves, and had planned to kill their friend, Huck still felt that the forfeit of their lives would be too great a punishment. Getting lost in the fog leads to a major turning point in the development of Huck Finn’s character. Up to this event, he has seen Jim as a lesser person than himself. Huck Finn says, “It was fifteen minutes before I could work myself up to go and humble myself to a nigger; but I done it, and I warn’t ever sorry for it afterward, neither.” He continues by explaining how he could never do such a thing again.
Huck has clearly gained respect for Jim here, which explains the risks he is willing to take for Jim later in the book. A short yet significant scene is when the men on shore want to check Huck’s raft for runaway slaves. He escapes by tricking them into thinking that his dad is onboard with smallpox. This scene show a negative view of human nature. The men had helped Huck, until they realized that they were in danger themselves.
They put their own safety above that of others, and while this is sometimes acceptable, it is by no means a noble trait. Their behavior with money supports this viewp …